Implementation of the emergency preparedness related legislation
The national organization of emergency preparedness
To secure measures necessary to cope with emergency states of nuclear installations and
measures to protect the population and the economy upon accidents impacting upon the
surroundings, the national organization of emergency preparedness (Fig. 22.214.171.124) is
structured into three levels.
Level one comprises emergency commissions of nuclear installations whose main
function include management of works and measures in the area of nuclear installations so
as to enable the identification of the condition of the corresponding nuclear installation
and to manage measures to cope with the emergency condition and to mitigate the
consequences with respect to the staff, facility as well as consequences with respect to
the environment and the population.
As an additional function at this level, information is to be provided to regional and
district level commissions (Regional and District Commissions for Radiation Accidents -
KKRH,OKRH) that provide information on the condition of the facility and potential
Level two is organized at the regional level and comprises Regional and District
Commissions for Radiation Accidents of jurisdiction over territories at risk where life,
health or property may be at risk, and where measures to protect the population are
planned. Such territories comprise an area of 30 km in diameter around NPP Bohunice and 20
km around NPP Mochovce.
Level three comprises the National Emergency Commission of the Slovak Government
for Radiation Accidents (KRH SR) with its respective expert supporting components (ERC
ÚJD, OSG and SÚRMS). The Slovak Government’s Commission for Radiation Accidents is
mainly for coordinate and control preparation of measures oriented towards the protection
against consequences of radiation events if the capacities and competencies of the
Regional Emergency Commission for Radiation Accidents (KKRH) are exceeded.
As a part of this level, also SE a.s.´ s Failure Commission is established that closely
cooperates with ERC ÚJD and KRH SR. The major role of the SE, a.s.´s Failure Commission
is to organize and coordinate rapid elimination of consequences of severe and
extraordinary events at the respective generating and distribution facilities/equipment.
ERC ÚJD plays
a role of technical for to monitoring the operation of NI and to evaluate the technical
condition and the radiation situation in cases of nuclear or radiation accidents and to
forecast the development of the accident in terms of Act No. 130/1998 Coll.LL. At the same
time, it also serves as a means of technical support to OSG established within KRH SAR.
OSG - Operating
and steering group is an expert advisory body to KRH SR established based on bylaws and
KRH SAR resolution. The role of OSG is to assess the situation upon NI accident and to
develop background documents and a single common recommendation of all sectors involved
concerning decision-making at the KRH SR level on measures to protect the population. In
developing the recommendations, OSG closely cooperates with ERC ÚJD.
SÚRMS - Slovak
Center of the Radiation Monitoring Network represents a body or technical support
established at MZ SR; it is the site to centrally collect and evaluate data from all
radiation situation monitoring systems in the Slovak Republic. This body was established
based on KRH SR resolution and its bylaws.
Fig. 126.96.36.199 Slovak Republic’s National organization of
To manage emergency situations at nuclear installations and their impacts upon the
surrounding environment, accident documentation has been developed to lay down procedures
and organization of work for the individual degrees of emergency situations at various
levels of the national emergency preparedness as described in section 188.8.131.52.
Operator of nuclear installations has on-site emergency plans in place, setting the
organization of emergency response and its implementation concerning the management of
emergency situations and staff protection, including protection of health of employees
laid down in traumatological plan. Moreover, operating instructions are in place to enable
identification and classification of an emergency event according to international
recommendations. At the national level, emergency plans are developed, as well as
emergency plans for ERC ÚJD and SE, a.s.´s Failure Commission.
The first draft of the National Emergency Plan is being currently developed that will
summarize all procedures and measures of the individual members of the Slovak
Government’s Commission for Radiation Accidents. KRH SR is expected to approve this plan
by the end of 2001, and the National Emergency Plan (NHP) will thus become binding upon
KRH SR members. Off-site emergency plans in case of nuclear accident of a nuclear
installation are developed at regional level for the area at risk, including measures to
protect the population, health, property and environment, and are linked to internal
All the above mentioned plans fully apply the provisions of the national legislation as
well as international recommendations by IAEA and European Union Directives mentioned in