Implementation of radiation protection legislation
Act No. 272/1994
Coll.LL. as amended and the Decree No. 12/2001 Coll.LL. have implemented all the
directives and regulations of Euratom Council concerning radiation protection at nuclear
installations, including e.g.:
- Council Directive No. 96/29/Euratom of 13 May 1996 laying
down basic safety standards for the protection of the health of the workers and the
general public against the dangers arising from radiation,
- Council Directive No. 90/641/Euratom of 4 December 1990 on
the operational protection of outside workers exposed to the risk of ionizing radiation
during their activities in controlled areas,
- Council Regulation 89/618/Euratom of 27 November 1989 on
informing the general public about health protection measures to be applied and steps to
be taken in the event of a radiological emergency,
- Council Regulation 87/3954/Euratom of 22 December 1987 as
amended by Council Regulation 89/2218/Euratom of 18 July 1989, on the special conditions
for exporting foodstuffs and feeding stuffs following a nuclear accident or any other case
of radiological emergency,
- Council Regulation No. 90/770/Euratom of 29 March 1990,
laying down maximum permitted levels of radioactive contamination of feeding stuffs
following a nuclear accident or any other case of radiological emergency.
In the system of quality assurance of SE
a.s. the implementation of the applicable laws has been projected into the „Basic
Directive“ on radiation safety. The branch plants have the national legislation as well
as recommendations of international commissions (ICRP and IEAEA) incorporated into
directives and work procedures and set limits of irradiation of persons and discharge
limits of radioactive substances into the air and waters.
Dose and irradiation limits for employees have been set for trimesters and yearly periods,
with the set intervention limits per se being lower than those provided for by the
legislation (upon the reaching of which the reasons for their having been exceeded are
investigated, and must be justified).
Any works always account for the principles of radiation safety, in particular the ALARA
principle, and the principle of dose and risk limiting.
Environmental discharge limits for radioactive substances are set by regulatory bodies.
The purpose is to secure under normal as well as abnormal conditions that they do not
cause effective doses set by the national legislation and international recommendations
being exceeded for individuals from the population.