|9 EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS|
Emergency preparedness is a set of measures with the aim to mitigate possible impacts of eventual radiation accidents at nuclear installations and their possible impact to the environment. Emergency Response Center of UJD (KC) was established as a technical support center of UJD for monitoring operation and for evaluation of the technical status of nuclear installations during emergency. Its role is also in an assessment of radiation situation in case of accidents and prognosis of development of possible accident and estimate its impact on the population and the environment. At the same time it also serves as an advisory body to the Commission of the Government for Radiation Accidents, for planning optimal protective measures focused on minimizing impact on the population and the vicinity of NPP.
Based on experience from the exercises so far, from recommendations of international missions and in compliance with the foreign projects. Also in 1998 UJD continued in improving the quality and completing the equipment of the Emergency Response Center by hardware, software and emergency regulations necessary for the activity of the Emergency Response roup of UJD.
In 1998 in the area of emergency preparedness UJD concentrated on inspections and review of documentation of unit 1, EMO NPP before and during its commissioning. Pre-operational safety report was reviewed, where besides the part of organization of emergency response of EMO NPP also the area of protection against ionizing radiation, geography and meteorology was reviewed. Also off-site plans for protection of the population of Nitra, Banská Bystrica and Trencín regions were under review. In March 1998, after several negotiations with the operator of JE EMO, resolution of positive assessment on the Emergency Plan for unit 1, EMO NPP was issued. Inspectors of the UJD participated at the "first site" exercise at EMO NPP on 9. 4. 1998.
In compliance with the inspection plan of UJD its inspectors performed team inspections in the area of emergency preparedness also at other sites, of which one was at SE-VYZ, two at EBO NPP and also two special inspections at the Laboratories of External Dosimetry in Trnava and Levice. Inspections concentrated on checking the status of notification and warning systems, inspection of the course of emergency exercises, 45 inspection of the status and update of emergency plans, status of preparedness of the NPP personnel in the area of emergency planning and checking of documentation.
Results of these inspections showed no serious shortcomings.
On 17. 9. 1998 a co-activity exercise with EBO NPPs (FALCON) was held, the main aim of which was to verify the functionality of KC, communication, preparedness of Emergency Response roup members, exchange of special information, co-activity with NPP and activity of UJD inspectors on some of the workplaces of NPP during the exercise. Despite of minor technical deficiencies in the area of public information the exercise can be evaluated very positively, while recommendations for improvements were prepared as well. An international exercise INEX- 2- HUN, organized by Hungary under supervision of the OECD-NEA was held on 3 November 1998, as the third one in the serie of international exercise. 15 members of the Emergency Response roup and members of Technical Support Advisory Team of National Emergency Commission for Radiation Accidents, took part on this exercise. The goal of this exercise was to examine communication in real time, public information and relations with media, preparation and taking decisions on measures to be adopted in Slovakia. Evaluation of the exercise showed that the Emergency Response roup mastered its role on a good level.
In connection with technology and dosimetric data transfer, in January 1998 an agreement was signed with Slovak Electricity Company on co-operation in the area of emergency preparedness in Slovakia.
In 1998 the technical assistance for UJD provided by Great Britain through WS Atkins company continued.
Assistance of the European Union in implementation of RAMG project also continued, which is oriented on assistance in strengthening of regulatory body. Both projects should be completed in 1999 by a hardware delivery for KC. All preconditions for implementation of RODOS project in Slovakia in 1999 were met. The purpose of this project is to have a tool for decision making process for protective measures for public and environment during emergency.
Co-operation with the IAEA continued in the area of regional project implementation - Harmonization in emergency planning. Within the project, besides courses for training of trainees, also a regional seminar on emergency planning was held in Slovakia and Czech Republic for experts from the public administration, with the aim to unify approaches in the assessment activities and preparation of measures.
Within the tasks of science and technology development the task "Development of technical and software tools for analyses of accidents and solution of extraordinary situations" continued. For a complete picture it is necessary to add some of the most significant foreign visits to KKC in 199-8. For example the visit of 32 army attachéss of the foreign representative offices in Slovakia and Austria, visits of representatives from several foreign regulators, co-ordinators of assistance for Slovakia from Japan, France, and Great Britain and in conclusion a visit of the first secretary to the Ambassador of Great Britain together with representatives from the Ministry of Trade and Industry.