|11 INTERNATIONAL CO-OPERATION|
Co-operation with the IAEA
Participation of Slovakia at the 42 nd session of the General Conference of the IAEA
The 42nd session of the General Conference of the IAEA was held from 21 to 25 September. Within the 26 item agenda, the Conference adopted the annual report of the IAEA for the last year, budget proposal for 1999-2000, adopted measures to strengthen technical cooperation and for solution of issues related to year 2000 computer systems problems and it reviewed a whole range of political issues. On 24 September Slovakia was appointed to the Board of Governors of the IAEA. The Government of Slovakia designated the chairman of UJD to the post of the governor. Conclusions from the Conference repeatedly confirmed the interest of the international community to participate on the activity of the IAEA. Although some items on the agenda of the Conference could not be resolved with final validity due to differences in views of member countries. Results achieved by the Conference express a broad support for development of international cooperation in peaceful use of nuclear energy and in prevention of proliferation of nuclear weapons. Co-operation between Slovakia and the IAEA in the area of technical projects is extraordinarily active which is proved also by involvement of Slovakia into six national, 18 regional, as well as inter-regional projects of technical co-operation. With regard to funding the co-operation is advantageous also when comparing the membership fee and contributions to the fund of technical co-operation with the amount of acquired funding. Within the co-operation with the IAEA 2 seminars and 3 workshops were organized in Slovakia with a broad international participation. These events focused on regulatory activities, nuclear and radiation safety, emergency planning and public relations.
Within the technical projects of the IAEA, co-operation is being developed with Armenia, Ukraine, Kazachstan, Lithuania, and Bulgaria. Experts from Cyprus, Zambia and Estonia were trained in Slovakia in the areas of health care and radiation safety.
Slovak organizations have proposed several new projects for 1999-2000, of which 5 were approved for implementation. The core of co-operation area remains to be nuclear safety, radiation protection and nuclear medicine, but there is a successful co-operation developing also in other industrial sectors. Within the co- -operation with the IAEA in 1998 there were 18 scientific contracts in the field of agriculture, physics and chemistry, nuclear energy and fuel cycle.
Visit of Ms. Annick Carnino, Director of Nuclear Safety Division of the IAEA and Mr. en Talbot, Head of Operational Safety Section of the IAEA, focused on discussion of the position and roles of UJD in the process of commissioning of EMO NPP, safety improvement on EMO NPP. Also a visit of the NPP was organized.
On September 28 the report was submitted to the IAEA.
The report is also published on Internet on the following address: http://www.ujd.gov.sk. During the Organizational meeting Slovakia was proposed to take the position of a chair of a country group. The members of the group are France, Bulgaria, Netherlands, Brazil, Croatia and Greece. International review of the report will be done in April 1999.
UJD coordinate the works related to fulfillment of obligations resulting from the convention, which still has not entered into force. Since 1993 the IAEA has been preparing measures to strengthen the effectiveness and importing the efficiency of the safeguards system in cooperation with the member states. These measures are known as Program 93+2. Consultations with the IAEA on the text of the Agreement between the Slovak Republic and the IAEA for the application of safeguards in connection with the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons and to the Protocol additional to this agreement took place in August under the co-ordination of UJD. Based on positive results of this consultation, the Board of Governors of the IAEA has discussed, and approved the texts of these documents on 14 September. During 1998 Slovakia withdrew its objections against sections 36 and 34 of articles VIII and X of the Agreement on privileges and Immunities of the IAEA.
The Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization (CTBTO)
The Slovak Republic ratified the Comprehensive Nuclear-- Test-Ban Treaty on 3 March. The Slovak Government authorized UJD to perform the function of the National Authority according to Article III of the Treaty. In co- -operation with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Slovak Academy of Science all tasks resulting mainly from the presidency of Slovakia at the plenary sessions of the Provisional Technical Secretariat of the CTBTO were fulfilled. Informal co-operation with the Ministry of Defense was launched in the given area. Steps towards implementation of provisions of this treaty into the national legislation were undertaken.
Co-operation with the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)
Co-operation with the Nuclear Energy Agency of the OECD (OECD-NEA) is focused on technical assistance to Slovakia mainly in the area of legislation and public information.
In 1998 three representatives of UJD attended a seminar organized by OECD on legislation and international aspects in the field of nuclear materials and their transfer.
Co-operation with the European Commission
Regular meeting of senior representatives of the European Nuclear Regulators was held on 17 - 19 June 1998 in Ljubljana, Slovenia The chairman of UJD, Miroslav Lipár, participated at this meeting. The main topic of negotiations was safety assessment and safety reports of nuclear power plants. All representatives of national regulators of the European countries expressed their support and confidence in UJD in licensing and safety assessment of EMO NPP.
The chairman of UJD is the vice-chairman of the Nuclear Safety Assistance Coordination (NUSAC) which represents all countries of CEE. In March a plenary session of NUSAC was held where the report on the status of nuclear safety in Slovakia was presented. From June 1998 the second year of the EC technical assistance project to UJD continued (RAN ). Its aim is to transfer experience from the regulatory activities, to achieve further quality improvement of regulatory activities of UJD based on application of internationally acceptable criteria and procedures. Technical assistance has been provided in a form of seminars, consultations, training and participation on activities of regulators in the area of emergency planning, RAW management and decommissioning of nuclear installations, radiation protection and training of UJD staff and the licensing process. Part of this assistance was also the transfer of experience in the area of public relations and internal system of QA. In total 25 UJD staff participated on project and 44 staff from the regulatory bodies of France, Finland, Great Britain, Spain, Italy and Germany have transferred experience in Slovakia to UJD staff. The project continues in 1999 and there are plans for its extension by another year. UJD representatives actively participated in activities of the EC, mainly in the area of strengthening cooperation with the associated countries in the field of nuclear safety and radiation protection. Representatives of UJD were invited to the 52nd and 53rd session of the Nuclear Regulators Working Group (NRWG) to the 3rd session of the concerted Action roup on the Classification of Radioactive Waste, as well as to coordination meetings to SAMINE and OSEP projects.
In the area of cooperation within PHARE programs successful cooperation with the representatives of Spain, France, Italy, Finland and Germany continued within projects focused on assessment activities at EBO NPPs and EMO NPP.
Fulfillment of Obligations Resulting from the International Agreements
1998 in Budapest with the participation of governmental experts and representatives from Hungary and from Slovakia.
The experts exchanged information in the area of generally binding regulations related to nuclear and radiation safety, in the area of safety improvement on EBO NPPs and EMO NPP and Paks NPP in Hungary, RAW management, emergency planning and radiation monitoring. An important conclusion from the meeting was the draft for preparing the agreement in the data exchange from the radiation monitoring between the Ministries of environment of Slovakia and Hungary.
Mutual exchange of experts was highly appreciated based on the agreement. In 1998 - 4 experts from Hungary and 2 from Slovakia participated at such exchange.
The topic was risk assessment in the operation of NPP and advanced utilization of RELAP 5 computer code.
Based on the Arrangement between UJD and US NRC on Exchange of Technical Information and Cooperation in Nuclear Safety Matters, two experts from UJD took part in training courses organized by US NRC in the field of inspection activities of regulators in 1998. At the same time US NRC provided software licenses free of charge which are used for safety assessment of nuclear installations.
Within the activities related to Chernobyl Shelter the Government of Slovakia on its session in July approved, based on the proposal by the minister of economy and the chairman of UJD, financial participation on the International Shelter Implementation Plan for NPP Chernobyl. According to this resolution the Slovakia will make a contribution of 2.0 mil. ECU for this project during 1999-2002.
Therefore, upon an agreement with Germany, this would require an amendment to this agreement. The text and the method of its coming into force are currently in the phase of negotiation with the German partner.
German Association for Reactor Safety ( RS) organizes and supports financially participation of Slovak specialists from Slovakia on seminars on safety measures and quality assessment of nuclear installations, methods of access to the system of physical protection of NPP and nuclear materials during transport, etc. In 1998 there were 5 specialists from Slovakia participating at these seminars. At the same time, based on the Project made with the Ministry for Research and Education of FR (BMFB), eight specialists from UJD in the field of safety analyses and use of computer programs took part in fellowships in Germany. During the visit of the director of RS, Mr. Birkhofer at UJD the issue of safety assessment of NPP EMO and access of experts from RS to all documentation of NPP EMO was discussed.
Co-operations with the other Countries
Through the Science and Technology Agency of Japan (STA) and the Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute (JAERI) five specialists attended seminars within the program of nuclear safety improvement, in the area of safety of RAW management, safeguards and safety analyses. In 1998 two representatives from JAERI visited UJD with the aim to discuss the benefit of seminars for Slovakia and also to talk about the requirements of Slovakia for training in other areas.
Representatives of WS Atkins provided consultation in preparation of the outline for the National emergency plan. Within the assistance and co-operation technical equipment was provided for the needs of technical support centers of UJD at EBO NPPs and EMO NPP.
(Details are stated in the part Emergency preparedness)
Forum for Co-operation among WWER Reactor Regulators
Representatives of UJD regularly take part at annual meetings of the Forum and also the activities of working groups. In 1998 the annual session of the Forum was held in August 1998 in Jerevan, Armenia. The agenda of the meeting focused on national nuclear programs, organization of national regulators, legislation in the area of nuclear energy and activities of the regulator in connection with safety issues of NPP of WWER type.
New Memorandum of the Forum was signed on cooperation of state regulators between countries operating WWER nuclear reactors. The next meeting will be held in the Russian Federation.