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9) Emergency planning

Emergency preparedness is a set of measures the aim of which is to mitigate possible impacts of events during the operation of nuclear facilities, transport of nuclear materials and radioactive waste as well as to reduce consequences to environment and population. An emergency planning of UJD is understood as an establishment of technical and organisational means determined for prognosis of development of events having radiation consequences together with capability to suggest the countermeasures needed to minimise the impact to population. . Emergency Response Centre (ERC) of UJD is a technical support tool of UJD and at the same time it fulfils the role of advisory body for the National Emergency Commission for Radiation Accidents (NECRA)
In 2001 UJD continued in further increase of equipment quality in the ERC by completion of facilities necessary to transmit necessary data from nuclear facilities, for communication and other HW and SW means. That it is why the application of geographic information systems (GIS), higher quality of data transmission from nuclear facilities and installation of new database platform could be enabled. Also the documentation of ERC has been completed by the emergency procedures of NPP Mochovce and guides of the RODOS system were finished.

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Meeting on RODOS system at the UJD

In the area of emergency preparedness UJD activities in 2001 were focused on preparation and realisation of emergency exercises and execution of inspections. In accordance with the inspection plan inspectors executed several inspections which were targeted to control the course of exercises at nuclear facilities, documentation and the way of training of members of the UJD headquarters. The function of systems of notification and warning, communication, monitoring and technical support means of both NPP Bohunice and NPP Mochovce has been verified and checked as well.
The ultimate attention, however, was paid to the preparation of ÚJD emergency headquarters. The preparation was realised in a form of training and by realisation of several emergency exercises. The emergency exercises were carried out at all nuclear facilities and emergency transport orders were exercised as well. During five exercises (NPP Mochovce, NPP Bohunice, SE-VYZ, RU RAW and Slovak Railways) UJD carried out the inspections focused to the preparedness of members of relevant headquarters, co-operation with state authorities and documentation of exercises.
In 2001 UJD took part in three international exercises. In April 2001 the international exercise RODOS which was organised by Research centre in Karlsruhe took place. This exercise was concentrated to use of new version of RODOS system and information exchange among national centres of RODOS in Europe. In May another exercise of INEX series organised by OECD/NEA together with IAEA was carried out. In frame of this exercise the UJD headquarters closely co-operated with IAEA and French regulatory support institute IPSN. Maximum effort, however, was dedicated to the preparation, co-ordination and realisation of trilateral emergency exercise in which UJD, NPP Bohunice, Austria (Local Government of Lower Austria County) and Hungary took part. In this case UJD managed and controlled for the first time the international exercise. Simultaneously this exercise, headed by UJD, was used to exercise the RODOS system in frame of national RODOS centres of Slovak Republic, Poland and Hungary. The exercise could have been evaluated as a very positive one particularly from point of view of managing of many complicated negotiations with the Austrian counterparts, high scenario quality and activities of UJD emergency headquarters. The communication among counterparts in Austria, Hungary and Poland was on high level as well. Last but not least the high level of graphic and text preparation of UJD WEB site of the exercise with messages presentation should be appreciated.
The next phase of RODOS system realisation was performed in the Slovak Republic in2001. An innovated version of system has been installed and further upgrade of system by increasing of quality and completion in frame of tasks of science and technology development has been achieved. The RODOS system was tested during each international emergency exercise. Conclusions of these exercises were positively appreciated by foreign counterparts in frame of EU project. The solution of tasks of research and technology development: “A Further Development and Preparation of Incorporation of RODOS System to the Emergency Planning and Emergency Management of the Slovak Republic” continued.
Also the co-operation with IAEA in frame of regional project “Harmonisation in Emergency Planning for Central and Eastern Europe Countries” continued in 2001. In frame of technical co-operation with IAEA three UJD staff members attended a post-training on SESAME code package in the French institute IPSN. The SESAME code package is considered to be used during the exercises in the ERC of UJD. Two thesis works dealing with emergency management were prepared by students practising in the ERC in 2001.

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W. Hoffman, Secretary of the CTBTO visited the ERC UJD

The completion of the National Emergency Plan for a Case of Nuclear or Radiation Accident and its acceptance and approval by the NECRA can be considered as the greatest success of UJD in the past year.

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