10) INTERNATIONAL CO-OPERATION
Co-operation with the IAEA
Given its international importance and a wide range of technical assistance possibilities, the co-operation with the IAEA in Vienna is the most important in this area. In co-operation with the Slovak Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Slovak Republic fulfilled its financial obligations toward this organisation (membership fee and contributions to the Technical Assistance and Co-operation Fund) in a full and timely manner. Contributions to the Technical Co-operation Fund were made up the sum 2616 thousand Slovak crowns. Eleven representatives of Slovakia worked for the IAEA in 2001.
The 45th session of the
IAEA General Conference was held in September. Under its 27-item agenda, the conference
approved a report on recent IAEA activities, the 2001 draft budget and reviewed a range of
political and technical issues. The conclusions of the conference reconfirmed the
international community’s interest to take part in the IAEA activity. The Slovak
delegation used up its participation in the conference to hold bilateral negotiations with
the USA, Hungary, Ukraine, Japan and Switzerland.
The Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organisation (CTBTO)
The Slovak Republic ratified the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty on March 3, 1998. The Government of Slovakia charged the chairman of UJD to ensure, according to the Art. III of the Treaty, the execution of the function of National Authority. Two representatives of the Slovak Republic worked at the Provisional Technical Secretariat. The membership fee has been covered from the budget of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Objectives were provided based on the Plenary sessions of the Preparatory Commission for the Treaty Organisation and from the meetings of their working groups in co-operation with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Ministry of Defence and the Slovak Academy of Sciences. ÚJD organised an international " OSI Field Experiment CTBTO" in the Slovak Republic at the end of September and start of October.
This experiment was held in co-operation with Provisional Technical Secretariat of the Preparatory Commission and other national agencies and organisations. The main goal of the experiment was to test inspection procedures at the place of entry of future real inspections and mobile seismic stations, which will be used by incoming inspectors as well. Mr. W. Hoffman, Executive Secretary of Provisional Technical Secretariat, visited ÚJD in December for the second time. During his visit the scope of deepen co-operation with Provisional Technical Secretariat was discussed.
Co-operation with the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development’s Nuclear Energy Agency (OECD/NEA)
The Slovak Republic was
officially admitted to the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)
on December 14, 2000. The Government of the Slovak Republic took the decision on March 15,
2001 to apply for the participation in the work of the Nuclear Energy Agency and agreed to
start with preparatory work for joining this Agency.
Co-operation with the European Commission
Regular meetings of European nuclear regulatory officials with European Union representatives (CONCERT group) took place in June, in Budapest, and in December in Brussels. The main subject of negotiation was the building of an institutional framework of national nuclear safety regulators. UJD representatives attended sessions of the European Nuclear Installations Safety Group (ENIS-G) and the 57th session of the National Regulators Working Group (NRWG), which aimed at bringing into the line views on assessment of the level of nuclear safety of nuclear installations in Europe.
Representatives of UJD took part in the negotiations of EÚ experts on regulatory aspects of radioactive waste management. One of the most important activities in this field was the negotiations linked with the preparation of a Working Party on Nuclear Safety (WPNS) report in which the status of regulators, legislation and nuclear safety in the associated countries were assessed. The on the status of legislation in this area, on the level of UJD and on progress made in the process of enhancing of safety of operated nuclear power plants report was basically positive. Some requirements regarding nuclear safety documentation, safety analysis and national nuclear safety regulator building were made in the report.
Forum for Co-operation between WWER Reactor Regulators
The session of FORUM Working Group on Regulatory Independence was held on May 10-11, 2001 in the Slovak Republic. The aim of the working group was to evaluate the level of regulatory independence of participating Forum members countries and to discuss measurements for improvement of the current status. At the same time, the International Atomic Energy Agency Safety Guides on the independence of nuclear safety regulatory bodies were presented. Information exchanged on experience can be valuable for regulatory authorities self-assessment, in preparation of Nuclear Safety reports, preparation of IRRT mission, by negotiations with EU etc. Representatives of eight countries participated in the meeting.
Participation on International projects
Following the governmental decision No. 497 of July 21, 1998 and under the expert guarantee of UJD the Slovak Republic has been participating in the realisation of International Project of Chernobyl Shelter Fund. The financial contribution of the Slovak Republic to this project was 21 922 thousand SK in 2001.
Fulfilment of obligations under international contractual instruments.
A total of 30 inspections
were conducted under the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) and the
Agreement between the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic and the IAEA for the Application of
Safeguards in Connection with the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons. No
breaches of the fulfilment of obligations in the area of non-proliferation of nuclear
weapons were found by IAEA experts. The Slovak Republic ratified the Convention on Nuclear
Safety on 23 February 1995. UJD has been charged to be an expert guarantor with the
performance of the obligations thereunder. Following Article 5 of the Convention, the
National Report of the Slovak Republic has been launched in co-operation with the
government departments and organisations involved. The report was submitted to the IAEA in
September 2001 following discussion by the Slovak government. The first edition of the
report is available on the Internet at: http://www.ujd.gov.sk.