2. MISSION OF THE NUCLEAR REGULATORY AUTHORITY
The primary mission of UJD is to make sure to both the Slovak Republic’s citizens and the international community that nuclear energy is used on Slovak territory exclusively for peaceful purposes and that Slovak nuclear installations are designed, constructed, operated and decommissioned in accordance with relevant legislation and international standards set down by IAEA.
UJD’s mission is also to supervise in such way that the operation of nuclear installations does not threaten the population or the very staff of nuclear installations and does not damage the environment or cause harm to property.
UJD in its activity uses both R&D results and a wide-ranging international co-operation in order to achieve the internationally recognised level of its activity and nuclear safety of nuclear installations in the Slovak Republic. It keeps the public informed on that. A significant activity is also the control of nuclear materials, special materials and equipment, i.e. items that could be diverted under certain circumstances for other than peaceful purposes. At the international level, UJD’s primary mission is to ensure that SR international commitments on nuclear energy use, nuclear safety and the non-proliferation of nuclear weapons are complied with.
In February the quality of UJD activity, position and both the level and quality of nuclear safety legislation were subject to review by a WENRA mission, which assessed mentioned areas highly positively.
STATE SUPERVISION OVER NUCLEAR SAFETY
The state supervision upon the nuclear safety is carried out under Act No. 130/1998 Coll. on the peaceful use of nuclear energy and on alterations and amendments to Act No. 174/1968 Coll. on state supervision of work safety, as altered and amended by Act of the National Council of the Slovak Republic No. 256/1994 Coll. ("Atomic Act")
This act regulates:
- the conditions of use of nuclear energy for peaceful purposes
- the obligations and rights of legal entities and natural persons in the use of nuclear energy
- the classification of nuclear materials, the conditions for production, processing, procurement, storage, transportation, use, accounting and control thereof
- the conditions for management of radioactive waste from nuclear installations and of spent nuclear fuel and the conditions for disposal of institutional radioactive waste
- nuclear safety conditions
- emergency planning and preparedness
- compensation for nuclear damage
- state supervision of nuclear safety at nuclear installations, procurement and use of nuclear materials, management of radioactive waste and of spent nuclear fuel
- sanctions imposed for breaking the obligations thereunder.
The Act on the peaceful use of nuclear energy is approximated to European Union legislation. Further details and conditions for the use of nuclear energy for peaceful purposes as well as other conditions for bringing nuclear safety up to the internationally recognised level are laid down by relevant decrees issued by UJD. The compliance of the activities referred to therein with the act itself and that with UJD decrees and decisions are checked up by nuclear safety inspectors.