11. INTERNATIONAL CO-OPERATION
Co-operation with the IAEA
The most important role, with regard to international importance and a broad range of possibilities for technical assistance, is taken by the IAEA, Vienna. In co-operation with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Slovak Republic, the Slovak Republic met its financial obligations fully and on time (membership fee and contribution to the technical assistance and co-operation Fund).
The Director General of the IAEA, Mr. Mohamed El Baradei visited Slovakia accompanied by his deputy for nuclear safety, Mr. Zikmund Domaratzky, upon the invitation of Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Slovak Republic Mr. Eduard Kukan, on 29 and 30 April 1999.
The first day they visited NPP Mochovce. On the second day they visited at the Office of the Government of Slovakia and UJD and then the representatives of the IAEA were hosted also by the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Slovak Republic Mr. Eduard Kukan.
Since 1999 Slovakia is represented in the Board of Governors of the IAEA. The Chairman of UJD was delegated by the Government of Slovakia to take the function of the governor. In 1999, from the September meeting of the Board of Governors, Slovakia takes the position of the vice-chairman of the Board of Governors as well. In September the 43 rd session of the General Conference of the IAEA took place. Within the 29 items agenda the conference adopted the activity report of the IAEA for the past period, budget proposal for 2000 and assessed a whole number of political and technical issues. Conclusions from the conference again confirmed the interest of the international community to participate on the activity of the IAEA. This conference can be considered as a breaking point because it managed to achieve agreement on amendment of Article VI and XIV. . of the IAEA Statute. The head of permanent mission of Slovakia in Vienna, Ambassador Alojz Némethy, in a smaller consultation group actively contributed to resolution of this issue which had been an item on the agenda for many years. Results achieved at this conference express a broad support of the member states for development of international co-operation, for peaceful use of nuclear energy, and for the non-proliferation of nuclear arms. The Slovak delegation utilized its participation at the conference for a number of bilateral negotiations with the USA, Hungary, Bulgaria and Canada.
The IAEA prepared, in co-operation with the member states, measures to strengthen efficiency and increasing effectiveness of the Safeguards system known as Program 93+2. Under the coordination of UJD materials for conclusion of an Agreement between the Slovak Republic and the IAEA for the application of Safeguards in connection with the Treaty on Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (replacing the safeguards agreement which was signed in 1972 during CSSR) and the Additional Protocol to that Agreement. The Agreement and the Additional Protocol were signed during the 43rd General Conference of the IAEA.
Co-operation between Slovakia and the IAEA in the field of technical projects is very successful. In the past year Slovakia was involved in 6 national and 23 regional projects. Significant part of regional projects related to the nuclear safety.
Within co-operation with the IAEA 11 experts, mainly from the countries of the former Soviet Union, were trained in the Slovakia in the field of radiation safety, treatment and disposal of radioactive waste.
An expert mission of the IAEA assessed preparedness to year 2000 in NPPs Bohunice in the first half of the year. The second mission (IPERS) reviewed the probabilistic safety assessment on NPP V-2 Bohunice and the third mission assessed the seismicity of Jaslovské Bohunice site.
Overall UJD organized 6 seminars and training courses with a broad international participation. These focused on radiation protection, fuel cycle, emergency regulations and utilization of radiation methods in oncology. There were 15 active research contracts in the field of agriculture, nuclear energy, safety of nuclear installations, physics, chemistry and RAW in 1999.
A medium-term goal of UJD in the field of technical co-operation is a gradual transition to active international assistance in providing assistance to less developed countries. Within the technical projects of the IAEA assistance has been provided mainly to the countries of former Soviet Union.
In June, under the auspices of the IAEA, a Conference on Strengthening of Nuclear Safety in the Eastern Europe was held. This conference made a very positive assessment of results achieved on improvement of nuclear safety of NPPs in Slovakia. Conclusions state, among others, that "taking into consideration all implemented safety measures, NPP V-1 Bohunice can be considered as an example of safety standard, which can be achieved at WWER-440/230 ". A similar positive assessment was given to the safety standard of NPP V-2 Bohunice and NPP Mochovce.
On September 25 the Chairman of the Board of Governors of the IAEA, Miroslav Gregorie and another 9 members of the Board of Governors of IAEA visited UJD and visited NPP Mochovce. Visit of the policy making organs of the IAEA Headquarters at NPP Mochovce also documents the confidence of the IAEA and its governing bodies in nuclear energy and at the same time the responsibility of UJD in execution of the regulatory function to secure safe and reliable operation of nuclear installations in Slovakia.
The Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty Organization (CTBTO)
The Slovak Republic ratified the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty on March 3, 1998. The Government of Slovakia authorized the chairman of UJD to guarantee, according to rt. III of the treaty, performance of the function of the National Authority. In co-operation with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Slovak Academy of Sciences objectives were secured resulting from the Plenary sessions of the Provisional Technical Secretariat of the CTBTO and from the meetings of the working groups. Measures aimed at implementation of provisions of this Treaty in the national legislation also continued.
Co-operation with the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD/NEA)
Co-operation with the Nuclear Energy Agency of the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD/NEA) continued primarily with the legal affaires section of NEA, where Slovakia has the statute of an observer. In 1999 representatives of UJD participated at the international seminar in Budapest with the topic Legislation and International Aspects in the field of liability for nuclear damage and sessions of the Governmental experts in Paris. First contacts were established also with the nuclear safety division where an observer statute is expected in 2000.