On August 25, 1994, National Council of the Slovak Republic passed the act No. 254/1994 Coll.ll. which established the State Fund for Decommissioning of Nuclear Power Installations and Management of Spent Nuclear Fuel and Radioactive Waste (FL JEZ), coming into effect as of January 1, 1995. The Fund shall be administered by the Ministry of Economy of the Slovak Republic, and its funds shall be kept at a special account at the National Bank of the Slovak Republic. The Fund shall be generated from the following sources:
The basic source of the Fund shall be contributions by owners of nuclear power installations. In accordance with the provisions of the Act, the operator of nuclear power sources, Slovenské elektrárne , a.s. shall be obliged to contribute to the FL JEZ an amount equal to 10% of all revenues from sales of electricity generated from nuclear sources. An amount of Sk 3.896 billion has been accumulated in the FL JEZ fund between January 1995 and December 1997.
The Fund may be used to provide earmarked subsidies to owners of nuclear power installation or to owners of repository of spent nuclear fuel and radioactive waste based on written application and a project including technical and economic reasoning. The Fund may be used for the purposes of
Slovenské elektrárne, a.s., SE-VYZ, currently goes on with stage 1 of decommissioning of the shut down nuclear power plant A-1 at Bohunice. The objective of stage 1 is the transport of the remaining of spent nuclear fuel into the Russian Federation and the re-processing of radioactive wastes. Also studies for selection of the optimum scenario for the final NPP A-1 decommissioning schedule after the year 2007 are under way. The Bohunice V-1 and V-2 units decommissioning study was prepared for SE a.s. by the company DECOM s.r.o. Trnava.
Slovenské elektrárne, a.s. currently stores the spent nuclear fuel at the interim storage site of spent fuel (ISFS) operated by SE-VYZ. The seismic upgrading and interim storage capacity extension project planned for 1997 - 2001 with a total costs of approx. Sk 1.2 billion will enable to store at the ISFS spent fuel from the Bohunice site units throughout the end of their designed life time. The operator is about to review several scenarios for the back end of the fuel cycle. One of them considers storage of spent nuclear fuel at interim storage site, reprocessing of the spent fuel at the manufacturer in Russian Federation and subsequent disposal of the re-processed wastes at the SE, repository. Also, surveys and selection of an appropriate site for a repository of high RAW and spent nuclear fuel in the territory of Slovakia is under way.
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