National Report of the Slovak Republic - Radiation and Nuclear Safety , September 1998

3.2.2 Supervision Methods to Check Operator's Compliance with License Criteria

  1. Inspections

  2. The responsibilities of the ÚJD SR in the field of State supervision are fulfilled by nuclear safety inspectors. Inspection plans are usually developed for one year periods for the given site or area of supervision.

    The Inspection Plan contains the schedule of inspections for SE-EBO, SE-EMO and SE-VYZ, and has three parts: (1) NPP Operation, (2) Maintenance of Equipment, (3) Technical Support. In addition, the Inspection Plan contains inspection schedules for (4) VÚJE, a. s. Trnava, (5) Transport of Nuclear Materials, (6) Control of Nuclear Materials.

    The Inspection Plan has been set up so as to perform continuous systematic assessments of inspection activities at the given site or supervision area. Inspections are performed according to Inspection Procedures which are attached to ÚJD SR Inspection Manual (IM). No inspection procedures have been developed for certain inspection activities. They are subject of individual inspection programs (IP).

    Classification of Inspections in Inspection Plan

    1. Routine Inspections

    Routine inspections are used by nuclear safety inspectors to check the compliance with requirements and criteria of nuclear safety, the condition of the nuclear installation, compliance with the set limits and conditions, and with selected operating regulations. Routine inspections are predominantly performed by site inspectors at the respective nuclear installation site, in particular according to the basic Inspection Plan in all the three above mentioned areas.

    No special program is developed for routine inspections; rather, they are performed according to pre-specified typical programs (inspection procedures) for specific areas of supervision and directions of inspections.

    1. Special Inspections

    Special inspections (planned) are performed by nuclear safety inspectors in accordance with the basic Inspection Plan. Special inspections focus on specific areas (transport of spent fuel, qualifications and training of NPP staff etc.), in particular on checking the compliance with supervision requirements and criteria according to Section 32 of Act No.130/1998 Coll.ll.

    1. Extraordinary Inspections

    Extraordinary inspections are performed by nuclear safety inspectors as special or team inspections. Such inspections are unplanned, prompted by conditions occurring in the responsible organization (such as start-up stages of nuclear power plant) or unexpected events concerning nuclear installation. By performing extraordinary inspections, the Regulatory Authority responds to the situation occurring in the responsible organization.

  3. Sanctions

  4. In accordance with the operation license, requirements for, and conditions of nuclear safety are being monitored as approved and implemented by Supervisory Authority. The Supervisory Authority may, in cases of nuclear safety criteria violation, impose sanctions /penalties on license holder as well as on his employees. Depending on the seriousness of the event in question, Supervisory Authority may select from among a variety of sanctions, such as warning letters, written protocol with measures taken, etc. If there is danger in delay or if facts are identified with relevance to nuclear safety, ÚJD is authorized to instruct the license holder to reduce the output of the installation or to entirely suspend the operation of the installation.

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