National Report of The Slovak Republic, september 2001


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4.7.7 International agreements


4.7.7.1 Agreements deposited at the International Atomic Energy Agency  

The Slovak Republic is signatory to international agreements in the field of early informing on nuclear accidents and in the area of mutual assistance in cases of nuclear accidents, thus providing for international cooperation to minimize impacts of nuclear accidents. The agreements above all concern technical and organizational provisions for mitigating the impacts of radiation on people and the environment due to accidents at nuclear installations.

Convention on Early Notification of a Nuclear Accident and Convention on Assistance in the Case of a Nuclear Accident or Radiation Emergency

The Slovak Republic notified succession to both Conventions on 10 February 1993, effective as of 1 January 1993. The responsibility with respect to the Convention provisions is with ┌JD that at the same time is the contact site for the Slovak Republic for early notification of nuclear accidents. Through ┌JD, the Slovak Republic has been regularly participating in international exercises. Since the effective dates of the Conventions, there has been no accident in the Slovak Republic according to the terms of the Convention provisions.

4.7.7.2 Agreements and cooperation with neighboring countries

Further to art.9 of Convention on early notification of nuclear accidents, the Slovak Republic succeeded to, and/or signed bilateral agreements in the field of early notification of nuclear accidents, exchange of information and cooperation. The agreements set the form, method and extent of information to be provided to the contracting parties in case of an accident connected with a nuclear installation or nuclear activities, and also appoint coordinators of contact points. The purpose of the said agreements is to make a contribution to minimalise of risk and consequences of nuclear accidents and to create a framework for bilateral cooperation and exchange of information in areas of common interest in connection with peaceful uses of nuclear energy and protection against radiation.

Agreement between the Government of the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic and the Government of the Republic of Austria on Issues of Common Interest in Connection with Nuclear Safety and Radiation Protection (Vienna, 25 October 1989).

Under the Agreement, regular annual meetings of representatives of governmental organizations of the Slovak Republic and Austria take place concerning issues of common interest in the field of peaceful uses of nuclear energy. Representatives of governmental organizations of the Slovak Republic and Austria exchange information and experiences, above all from the field of emergency preparedness, at special meetings of experts; important is the participation of Austrian experts as observers in emergency exercises in the Slovak Republic.

Agreement between the Government of the Czech and Slovak Federal Republic and the Government of Hungary on Exchange of Information and Cooperation in the Field of Nuclear Safety and Radiation Protection (Vienna, 20 September 1990)

Based on the Agreement, regular annual meetings of representatives of the Slovak Republic and Hungary are organized aimed at exchanging information and experiences in the field of safe uses of nuclear energy and radiation technologies. Cooperation has developed at the same time in the field of emergency planning, with representatives of both contracting parties taking part in emergency exercises.

Agreement between the Government of the Slovak Republic and the Government of the Czech Republic on Cooperation in the Field of State Supervision of Nuclear Safety of Nuclear Installations and State Supervision of Nuclear Materials (Bratislava, 8 March 1996).

Based on the above Agreement, regular meetings of experts are organized, above all concerning exchange of experience with the exercise of regulatory activities, aimed at securing the highest standard possible of nuclear installations and safety of treatment of nuclear materials, and intensive cooperation is also going on in the field of emergency planning in setting up emergency centers of regulators.

Agreement between the Government of the Slovak Republic and the Government of Poland on Early Notification of Nuclear Accident, on Exchange of Information and Cooperation in the Field of Nuclear Safety and Radiation Protection (Bratislava,17 September 1996).

Under the Agreement, annual meetings of representatives of governmental organizations of the Slovak Republic and Poland are organized aimed at exchanging information and experiences in the field of safe uses of nuclear energy and radiation technologies.

Agreement between the Government of the Slovak Republic and the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine on Early Notification of Nuclear Accidents, on Exchange of Information and Cooperation in the Field of Nuclear Safety and Radiation Protection .

The Agreement was signed in 1999, and its aim was not only laying down the format and method of providing information in cases of a nuclear accident, exchange of information and experience in the field of uses of nuclear energy for peaceful purposes, but also strengthening of mutual trust and information in a sensitive issue such as safety of the nuclear power sector.

In addition to agreements with neighbouring countries, the Slovak Republic has concluded following agreements on cooperation in the field of peaceful uses of nuclear energy:

Agreement between the Government of the Czech and Slovak Federal Republic and the Government of the Federal Republic Germany on the Regulation of Issues of Common Interest concerning Nuclear Safety and Radiation Protection (Prgue, 30 May 1990)

Although the geopolitical situation changed after the split of the ╚SFR, the Agreement has remained in force and the Slovak Republic fulfills its commitments under the Agreement concerning early notification of nuclear accidents and exchange of information.

Agreement between the Government of the Czech and Slovak Federal Republic and the Government of the United States of America on Cooperation in Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Energy (Vienna,13 June 1991).

The Agreement mainly focuses on exchange of information and experiences in the field of nuclear installations safety; this is being provided for through meetings, training of experts and exchange of computer seawares.

Agreement between the Slovak Nuclear Regulatory Authority and United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission of the United States of America on Exchange of Technical Information and Cooperation in Nuclear Safety
( Washington, 10 November 1995)

The Agreement focuses on exchange of technical information and cooperation in the field of nuclear safety that run through meetings and training of experts and exchange of computer software.

4.7.7.3 Slovakiaĺs participation in international exercises

Pursuant to Act No. 130/1998 Coll.LL. and ┌JD Decree No. 245/1999 Coll.LL., NI operators and bodies responsible for off-site emergency plans are responsible for regular exercise activities included in emergency plans. In connection with international agreements and also bilateral agreements, Slovakia participates, through ┌JD, in also international exercises in the field of emergency preparedness, aimed at harmonizing emergency preparedness and planning with other countries of the European region. Within 1995 - 2000, the Slovak Republic, represented by ┌JD, participated in 4 INEX 2 exercises organized by OECD/NEA. The major objectives of these exercises included real-time communication, evaluation of the condition of nuclear installation and radiological situation, and informing of the public in case of a nuclear or radiation accident. ┌JD moreover participated in the exercise HEXAGRANT under the responsibility of the Army of the Slovak Republic. This exercise attended by 5 countries neighboring with the Slovak Republic, concerned unification of approaches toward taking of protective measures and coordination of command and activities at international level. Also, ┌JD participated in the exercise VIRIBUS UNITIS organized by Austria. In this case, harmonization of the activities of civil protection components of the individual countries participating in the exercise was trained. In 2000, ┌JD was involved in an international exercise organized by IAEA in cooperation with the World Meteorological Organization - WMO; the aim was to unify the interpretation of meteorological data. The most recent joint exercise took place in 2001, with the Slovak Republic having taken part in the first exercise of the new series of exercises INEX 2000, and an exercise under the participation of Austria and Hungary.

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