National Report of The Slovak Republic, september 2001


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4.4.5 Role of the regulator


Activities and tasks of ┌JD with respect to state regulatorĺs role in relation to nuclear safety of nuclear installations in the field of quality assurance are laid down by Act No. 130/1998 Coll.LL. and by ╚SKAE Decree No. 436/1990 Coll. The Decree lays down requirements and conditions of quality assurance with respect to specified equipment and nuclear safety of nuclear installations, sets basic requirements on quality assurance of selected equipment as well as the requirement concerning the development of quality assurance programs. ┌JD supervises the compliance on the part of responsible organizations with the requirements and conditions of quality assurance of specified equipment mentioned in the Decree and how such quality assurance programs are implemented. ┌JD as well as the responsible organizations - operators of nuclear installations, accept IAEA documents and, as far as practicable, use them to set their own requirements and procedures to secure nuclear safety and quality of selected equipment.

┌JD┤s philosophy in this area is based on the fact that, apart from the design of nuclear installations and several levels of interlinked protection barriers and appropriate technical and organizational measures, nuclear safety of nuclear installations is also provided for through required quality of selected equipment and corresponding activities. A quality system described by quality assurance program serves to maintain and develop quality.

┌JD drafted a new regulation on quality assurance at nuclear installations. The regulation was subjected to intersectional commenting procedure, because of prevailing objections raised by National Labor Inspectorate (NLI) , this Decree could not be enacted as yet. The discrepancies mainly reside in ┌JD┤s and NLI┤s competencies in the area of regulatory activities with respect to selected equipment at nuclear installations.

In exercising the regulatory role in the field of quality assurance, ┌JD has been focusing on two principal activities:

1. Approval of quality assurance programs

This is going on following levels:

  1. reviewing, approving and control of quality assurance programs of responsible organizations and of partial programs of quality assurance for specific stages of nuclear installationĺs life set by such as design, construction, start up, operation, decommissioning, etc.,
  2. reviewing, approving and control of individual quality assurance programs developed for the individual selected equipment or group of selected equipment in accordance with their category with respect to their relevance for nuclear safety,
  3. reviewing and control of quality systems of certificate holders for activities in the peaceful uses of nuclear energy (with the exception of developer and operator), in particular of contractor organizations.

2. Inspections of the implementation of quality assurance programs

Inspections in the field of quality assurance are used by ┌JD inspectors to verify compliance, on the part of responsible organization, with the requirements of ╚SKAE Decree No. 436/1990 Coll., conditions shown in ┌JD decisions, and how they implement the approved documents of quality assurance. Following the approval of the corresponding program, the control (inspection) activities of inspectors focus upon verifying the fulfillment of the individual requirements and practical implementation of requirements, i.e. accordance between approved documented procedures and actual activities. Nuclear safety inspectors draft protocols on inspections performed, and discuss them with heads of the responsible organizations. Any discrepancies identified concerning specified equipment, activities or documentation, may be followed by measures imposed by the inspector to eliminate them. Inspections are performed according to approved program, they have their objectives and forms of documentation set.

Apart from the above activities, ┌JD is authorized to enforce measures and requirements contained in generally binding legal regulations or ┌JD requirements following from decisions or inspections. As part of this, meetings are organized with the responsible organization, inappropriate quality assurance programs get not approved, or extraordinary inspections are conducted; in extreme cases, sanctions may also be imposed.

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