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2  ROLE OF THE NUCLEAR REGULATORY AUTHORITY
 

The role of the UJD is defined in the Act No. 130/1998 Coll. This law, which was adopted by the National Council of the Slovak Republic on 1 April 1998, came into force on 1 July 1998.

The main role of UJD is to guarantee to the citizens of the Slovak Republic as well as to the international community that the nuclear energy on the territory of Slovakia will be used exclusively for peaceful use. Also that the nuclear installations in Slovakia are designed, constructed, operated and decommissioned in compliance with the relevant legislation.

The role of UJD is also to oversee that the operation of nuclear installations does not endanger the employees of these nuclear installations, or the population and also that the operation of nuclear facilities does not harm the environment or cause damage on property.

The UJD in its activity utilizes results of science and research, as well as international cooperation with the aim to achieve internationally accepted standards of nuclear safety in nuclear installations in Slovakia.

An important activity, which is closely related to the main role of UJD, is also inspection of nuclear materials, special materials and equipment, i.e. items, which could be misused under certain circumstances for other than peaceful purposes.


STATE SUPERVISION OVER NUCLEAR SAFETY

The state supervision over nuclear safety is performed according to the above-mentioned Act No. 130/1998 Coll. "on the peaceful use of nuclear energy and on alterations and amendments to the Act No. 174/1968 Coll. on State supervision of work safety as amended by Act of the National Council of the Slovak Republic No. 256/1994 Coll.". This act regulates:

  1. conditions for use of nuclear energy for peaceful use

  2. rights and obligations of legal entities and natural persons in use of nuclear energy

  3. types of nuclear materials, conditions for their production, processing, procurement storage, transportation, use, registration and inspection

  4. conditions for management of radioactive waste from nuclear installations, spent fuel and conditions for disposal of institutional radioactive waste

  5. conditions of nuclear safety

  6. indemnification for nuclear damage

  7. state supervision over nuclear safety of nuclear installations, Acquisition and use of nuclear materials, management of radioactive waste and spent fuel

  8. sanction measures for breaching the obligation resulting from this law.

The act "on peaceful use of nuclear energy" is approximated with the European Union law. The inspectors of nuclear safety control compliance of activities of operators with the law, as well as fulfillment the conditions of UJD.

Other details and conditions for use of nuclear energy for peaceful use, as well as other conditions for achieving nuclear safety level on an internationally accepted standard are set by the relevant regulations of UJD. In 1998 in connection with Act No. 130/1998 Coll. the UJD prepared sixteen drafts of relevant regulations, which will be forwarded into the legislative process during 1999.

Based on the invitation of the Slovak Government an expert's mission of the IAEA visited Slovakia from 9 - 13 March 1998. The main goal of the IAEA program entitled International Regulatory Review Team (IRRT) is an independent and objective review of state supervision over nuclear safety by international experts.

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The international mission of experts to review the state supervision over nuclear safety is realized only upon a request of the IAEA Member State. During 1994-1997 the IAEA provided financial and expert assistance to UJD, which included also training of staff abroad. This international assistance was realized through the "Model Project for Strengthening the Regulatory Body in Slovakia". The project was successfully completed in December 1997.

The basic work characteristic of the IRRT team experts was reviewing the position of the State Nuclear Regulatory Authority in the public administration. Special emphasis was placed on its independence, then the relevant legislation, professional skills of employees, adequacy of funding for execution of state supervision, as well as comparison of practices and activities with the best practice in other nuclear regulatory authorities, especially in the EU, or the United States. Members of the international team of experts were experienced employees of state regulatory authorities from the EU countries, USA, an expert from the IAEA, as well as an expert from the state regulatory authority from Hungary, which is supervising a similar type of nuclear power plant.

The final report of the IAEA was sent to the Slovak Government Office, Permanent mission of Slovakia in Vienna and also directly to UJD.

International team of experts expressed its conclusions from this assessment and review of the supervisory activity, or the activity of UJD in the overall evaluation, from which we should quote the following: "UJD was established in January 1993 following the split of the former Czechoslovakia and establishment of the Slovak Republic and the Czech Republic. According to the opinion of the review team UJD has been built within relatively short time to a level of strong and effective regulatory body. This development was facilitated also by several projects of international assistance, however the progress, which was achieved would not be possible without the professional skills and enthusiasm of the UJD staff. International mission of IRRT found mainly progress, which was achieved in creating an effective approach in the area of inspection activities and emergency preparedness. Further the finding was that many approaches developed and used by UJD also in other areas are in compliance with the best international practice".


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