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11  INTERNATIONAL CO-OPERATION
 

Co-operation with the IAEA

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The most important role with regard to international recognition and a broad scale of possibilities of technical assistance is co-operation with the IAEA based in Vienna. In co-operation with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs Slovakia has fulfilled its financial obligations in full and on time (membership fee and contribution to the Technical assistance and co-operation Fund).


Participation of Slovakia at the 42 nd session of the General Conference of the IAEA

The 42nd session of the General Conference of the IAEA was held from 21 to 25 September. Within the 26 item agenda, the Conference adopted the annual report of the IAEA for the last year, budget proposal for 1999-2000, adopted measures to strengthen technical cooperation and for solution of issues related to year 2000 computer systems problems and it reviewed a whole range of political issues. On 24 September Slovakia was appointed to the Board of Governors of the IAEA. The Government of Slovakia designated the chairman of UJD to the post of the governor. Conclusions from the Conference repeatedly confirmed the interest of the international community to participate on the activity of the IAEA. Although some items on the agenda of the Conference could not be resolved with final validity due to differences in views of member countries. Results achieved by the Conference express a broad support for development of international cooperation in peaceful use of nuclear energy and in prevention of proliferation of nuclear weapons. Co-operation between Slovakia and the IAEA in the area of technical projects is extraordinarily active which is proved also by involvement of Slovakia into six national, 18 regional, as well as inter-regional projects of technical co-operation. With regard to funding the co-operation is advantageous also when comparing the membership fee and contributions to the fund of technical co-operation with the amount of acquired funding. Within the co-operation with the IAEA 2 seminars and 3 workshops were organized in Slovakia with a broad international participation. These events focused on regulatory activities, nuclear and radiation safety, emergency planning and public relations.

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During 1998 upon invitation from UJD there were 6 expert missions focusing mainly on assessment and safety improvement at EBO NPPs and EMO NPP, and on assessment of UJD's activity.

Within the technical projects of the IAEA, co-operation is being developed with Armenia, Ukraine, Kazachstan, Lithuania, and Bulgaria. Experts from Cyprus, Zambia and Estonia were trained in Slovakia in the areas of health care and radiation safety.

Slovak organizations have proposed several new projects for 1999-2000, of which 5 were approved for implementation. The core of co-operation area remains to be nuclear safety, radiation protection and nuclear medicine, but there is a successful co-operation developing also in other industrial sectors. Within the co- -operation with the IAEA in 1998 there were 18 scientific contracts in the field of agriculture, physics and chemistry, nuclear energy and fuel cycle.

Visit of Ms. Annick Carnino, Director of Nuclear Safety Division of the IAEA and Mr. en Talbot, Head of Operational Safety Section of the IAEA, focused on discussion of the position and roles of UJD in the process of commissioning of EMO NPP, safety improvement on EMO NPP. Also a visit of the NPP was organized.

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The Slovak Republic ratified the Convention on Nuclear Safety on 23.2. 1995. UJD is the expert supervisor and is responsible for fulfillment of obligations resulting from the Convention on Nuclear Safety. According to article 5 of the Convention the National Report of Slovakia was elaborated in cooperation with relevant ministries and organizations, and approved by the Slovak Government.

On September 28 the report was submitted to the IAEA.

The report is also published on Internet on the following address: http://www.ujd.gov.sk. During the Organizational meeting Slovakia was proposed to take the position of a chair of a country group. The members of the group are France, Bulgaria, Netherlands, Brazil, Croatia and Greece. International review of the report will be done in April 1999.

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Slovakia ratified the Joint Convention on the Safety of Spent Fuel Management and on the Safety of Radioactive Waste Management on January 27, 1998.

UJD coordinate the works related to fulfillment of obligations resulting from the convention, which still has not entered into force. Since 1993 the IAEA has been preparing measures to strengthen the effectiveness and importing the efficiency of the safeguards system in cooperation with the member states. These measures are known as Program 93+2. Consultations with the IAEA on the text of the Agreement between the Slovak Republic and the IAEA for the application of safeguards in connection with the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons and to the Protocol additional to this agreement took place in August under the co-ordination of UJD. Based on positive results of this consultation, the Board of Governors of the IAEA has discussed, and approved the texts of these documents on 14 September. During 1998 Slovakia withdrew its objections against sections 36 and 34 of articles VIII and X of the Agreement on privileges and Immunities of the IAEA.


The Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization (CTBTO)

The Slovak Republic ratified the Comprehensive Nuclear-- Test-Ban Treaty on 3 March. The Slovak Government authorized UJD to perform the function of the National Authority according to Article III of the Treaty. In co- -operation with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Slovak Academy of Science all tasks resulting mainly from the presidency of Slovakia at the plenary sessions of the Provisional Technical Secretariat of the CTBTO were fulfilled. Informal co-operation with the Ministry of Defense was launched in the given area. Steps towards implementation of provisions of this treaty into the national legislation were undertaken.

Co-operation with the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)

Co-operation with the Nuclear Energy Agency of the OECD (OECD-NEA) is focused on technical assistance to Slovakia mainly in the area of legislation and public information.

In 1998 three representatives of UJD attended a seminar organized by OECD on legislation and international aspects in the field of nuclear materials and their transfer.


Co-operation with the European Commission

Regular meeting of senior representatives of the European Nuclear Regulators was held on 17 - 19 June 1998 in Ljubljana, Slovenia The chairman of UJD, Miroslav Lipár, participated at this meeting. The main topic of negotiations was safety assessment and safety reports of nuclear power plants. All representatives of national regulators of the European countries expressed their support and confidence in UJD in licensing and safety assessment of EMO NPP.

The chairman of UJD is the vice-chairman of the Nuclear Safety Assistance Coordination (NUSAC) which represents all countries of CEE. In March a plenary session of NUSAC was held where the report on the status of nuclear safety in Slovakia was presented. From June 1998 the second year of the EC technical assistance project to UJD continued (RAN ). Its aim is to transfer experience from the regulatory activities, to achieve further quality improvement of regulatory activities of UJD based on application of internationally acceptable criteria and procedures. Technical assistance has been provided in a form of seminars, consultations, training and participation on activities of regulators in the area of emergency planning, RAW management and decommissioning of nuclear installations, radiation protection and training of UJD staff and the licensing process. Part of this assistance was also the transfer of experience in the area of public relations and internal system of QA. In total 25 UJD staff participated on project and 44 staff from the regulatory bodies of France, Finland, Great Britain, Spain, Italy and Germany have transferred experience in Slovakia to UJD staff. The project continues in 1999 and there are plans for its extension by another year. UJD representatives actively participated in activities of the EC, mainly in the area of strengthening cooperation with the associated countries in the field of nuclear safety and radiation protection. Representatives of UJD were invited to the 52nd and 53rd session of the Nuclear Regulators Working Group (NRWG) to the 3rd session of the concerted Action roup on the Classification of Radioactive Waste, as well as to coordination meetings to SAMINE and OSEP projects.

In the area of cooperation within PHARE programs successful cooperation with the representatives of Spain, France, Italy, Finland and Germany continued within projects focused on assessment activities at EBO NPPs and EMO NPP.


Fulfillment of Obligations Resulting from the International Agreements

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Hungary: According to the Agreement between the Government of CSFR and the Government of Hungary on Exchange of Information and Cooperation in the Field of Nuclear Safety and Radiation Protection the first regular annual meeting was held on 10-11. 12.

1998 in Budapest with the participation of governmental experts and representatives from Hungary and from Slovakia.

The experts exchanged information in the area of generally binding regulations related to nuclear and radiation safety, in the area of safety improvement on EBO NPPs and EMO NPP and Paks NPP in Hungary, RAW management, emergency planning and radiation monitoring. An important conclusion from the meeting was the draft for preparing the agreement in the data exchange from the radiation monitoring between the Ministries of environment of Slovakia and Hungary.

Mutual exchange of experts was highly appreciated based on the agreement. In 1998 - 4 experts from Hungary and 2 from Slovakia participated at such exchange.

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Austria:
Co-operation with Austria is performed mainly based on the Agreement between the Government of Slovakia and Austria on Questions of Common Interest in Connection with Nuclear Safety and Radiation Protection. On 3 and 4 February 1998 the 6th joint session of representatives of both governmental organizations and experts of both states in the field of nuclear safety and radiation protection was held. In conclusion they highly appreciated the mutual co- -operation between the two countries in the field of peaceful use of nuclear energy. The Ambassador of Austria, her excellency Ms. Gabriele Matzner, visited UJD on the occasion of preparation of the bilateral governmental meeting.

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Czech Republic:
On 11 and 12 February 1998 meeting of representatives of nuclear safety regulators was held in Slovakia based on the Agreement between Slovakia and the Governmental of the Czech Republic on Co-operation in the Field of State Supervision of Nuclear Installations and the State Supervision of Nuclear Materials. The chairman of the Czech National Authority for nuclear safety and Radiation Protection, Jan Štuller, led the Czech delegation. The meeting focused on exchange of experience in performing supervisory function on WWER 440/213 units. Part of the meeting was also a vocational seminar for a group of experts who exchanged information in the area of inspection activities of regulators. Cooperation based on this agreement is very successful mainly in the field of emergency planning. Experts from Czech Republic regularly take part in emergency exercises at UJD as observers.

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Poland:
On 25 and 26 June 1998 a regular annual meeting of representatives of governmental organizations of Slovakia and Poland was held in Bratislava. The aim was to exchange information in the area of legislation related to peaceful use of nuclear energy, safety of EBO NPPs and EMO NPP, in the field of emergency planning and radiation monitoring. It was organized within the frame of Agreement between the Government of Slovakia and the Government of Poland on Early Notification of Nuclear Accidents, on Exchange of Information and Co-operation in the Field of Nuclear Safety and Radiation Protection. Polish partners, led by the chairman of the National Atomic Energy Agency of Poland, Prof. Jerzy Niewodniczanski, visited EMO NPP. The Ambassador of Poland in Slovakia, his excellency Jan Komornicki, also joined the delegation. Within the cooperation with Poland a 2-days visit of three experts from Poland to UJD and to the National RAW repository in Mochovce was organized.

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United States of America:
Since 1993 the Government of the USA has been providing financial assistance through USA AID and the USA Department of Energy mainly for safety improvement of EBO NPPs. This assistance was provided within the Agreement between the Government of CSFR and the Government of the US on Co-operation in Peaceful Use of Nuclear Energy and within the international program of assistance for improving safety of nuclear power plants. Within this assistance projects related to Plant Analyzer and Risk Monitoring System for EBO V-1 NPP have been completed. In co-operation with the US Department of Energy there were two seminars organized in Bratislava with international participation.

The topic was risk assessment in the operation of NPP and advanced utilization of RELAP 5 computer code.

Based on the Arrangement between UJD and US NRC on Exchange of Technical Information and Cooperation in Nuclear Safety Matters, two experts from UJD took part in training courses organized by US NRC in the field of inspection activities of regulators in 1998. At the same time US NRC provided software licenses free of charge which are used for safety assessment of nuclear installations.

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Ukraine:
On 24 September 1998 the chairman of UJD, Miroslav Lipár, and the minister for environment protection of Ukraine, Vasilij Jakovic Ševcuk, signed an Agreement between the Government of the Slovak Republic Cabinet of Ministers and the Government of Ukraine on Early Notification of Nuclear Accidents, on Exchange of Information and Co-operation in the Field of Nuclear Safety and Radiation Protection at the IAEA in Vienna. This agreement sets the method and form of exchange of information in case of nuclear accident and creates framework conditions for co- -operation, information and experience exchange in the field of nuclear and radiation safety.

Within the activities related to Chernobyl Shelter the Government of Slovakia on its session in July approved, based on the proposal by the minister of economy and the chairman of UJD, financial participation on the International Shelter Implementation Plan for NPP Chernobyl. According to this resolution the Slovakia will make a contribution of 2.0 mil. ECU for this project during 1999-2002.

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Federal Republic of Germany:
With regard to the change of the geo-political situation in connection with the split of the former CSFR some articles of the Agreement between the Government of CSFR and the Government of FR on Questions of Common Interest in Connection to Nuclear Safety and Radiation Protection have lost their justification.

Therefore, upon an agreement with Germany, this would require an amendment to this agreement. The text and the method of its coming into force are currently in the phase of negotiation with the German partner.

German Association for Reactor Safety ( RS) organizes and supports financially participation of Slovak specialists from Slovakia on seminars on safety measures and quality assessment of nuclear installations, methods of access to the system of physical protection of NPP and nuclear materials during transport, etc. In 1998 there were 5 specialists from Slovakia participating at these seminars. At the same time, based on the Project made with the Ministry for Research and Education of FR (BMFB), eight specialists from UJD in the field of safety analyses and use of computer programs took part in fellowships in Germany. During the visit of the director of RS, Mr. Birkhofer at UJD the issue of safety assessment of NPP EMO and access of experts from RS to all documentation of NPP EMO was discussed.

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Slovenia:
Agreement between the Government of CSSR and the Government of Federal Socialist Republic of Yugoslavia on Co-operation in Peaceful Use of Nuclear Energy is not up to date any more. Therefore in 1994 negotiations were opened on entering into a new Agreement between the Government of the Slovak Republic and the Government of Republic of Slovenia for the Exchange of Information in the Field of Nuclear Safety. In December 1998 Slovenia informed UJD about the approval of the Slovenian Parliament to conclude this agreement which is expected to be signed in 1999.

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Bulgaria:
As a follow up to the Agreement between the Government of CSSR and the Government of Bulgaria on Co-operation in the Field of Peaceful Use of Nuclear Energy, in 1998 the possibility of concluding a ministerial agreement was discussed with the aim to specify the areas of co-operation between the regulators in the area of nuclear safety and inspection activities. At the end of 1998 a draft of such agreement was prepared which is currently being discussed by the contractual parties.

Co-operations with the other Countries

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Japan:
The Government of Japan, through the Ministry of foreign trade and industry (MITI) and the Japan Electric Power Information Center (JEPIC) within the International Invitation Program provides training of experts from UJD, EBO NPPs, EMO NPP, SE, research institutes and relevant government organizations.

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Within this program there were 9 experts from Slovakia participating in this program in 1998 from the area of control of supervisory activity over nuclear energy, improvement of seismic resistance of nuclear power plants, electric and mechanical maintenance of NPP.

Through the Science and Technology Agency of Japan (STA) and the Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute (JAERI) five specialists attended seminars within the program of nuclear safety improvement, in the area of safety of RAW management, safeguards and safety analyses. In 1998 two representatives from JAERI visited UJD with the aim to discuss the benefit of seminars for Slovakia and also to talk about the requirements of Slovakia for training in other areas.

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Great Britain:
The Government of Great Britain within its program of support for state regulators for nuclear safety in CEE countries provided a significant financial assistance to UJD for building the Emergency Response Center of UJD. Experts from Great Britain regularly organize working sessions with UJD experts with the aim to increase their qualification and strengthening the role of KKC UJD, crisis management and public and media information.

Representatives of WS Atkins provided consultation in preparation of the outline for the National emergency plan. Within the assistance and co-operation technical equipment was provided for the needs of technical support centers of UJD at EBO NPPs and EMO NPP.

(Details are stated in the part Emergency preparedness)

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Russian Federation:
In 1997 the chairmen of UJD and the Federal Nuclear and Radiation Safety Authority of Russia signed the Agreement between the Ministry of Economy of Slovakia (represented by UJD) and the Federal Nuclear and Radiation Safety Authority of Russia on Co-operation in the Field of State Supervision of Nuclear Safety in the Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Energy. Representatives of both regulators agreed on specifying areas of information and experience exchange of mutual interest in a form of co- operation plan, which was elaborated in 1998.

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France: Nuclear Installations Safety Directorate of the French Republic (DSIN)
: According to the Arrangement between UJD and DSIN for the Exchange of Information and Co-operation in the Regulation of Nuclear Safety the co-operation focused mainly on exchange of experience in the field of emergency planning. In 1998 an expert from DSIN visited Slovakia with the aim to exchange experience in the area of emergency planning and solving serious accidents of NPP.

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Switzerland: The Swiss Federal Nuclear Safety Inspectorate (HSK):
In 1996 the "Project of co-operation (grant) between the Swiss Federal Nuclear Safety Inspectorate and UJD" was approved in Bratislava. The main goal of cooperation is assistance in forming and training a group for safety analysis within the project of Swiss technical assistance. Within this project there were training courses, working sessions and a seminar on computer software organized and funded by the Swiss regulatory body in 1998 for UJD staff in the area of safety assessment, PSA theory, and transfer of experience and knowledge from methods of safety assessment. The project leader is Mr. S. Chakraborty from HS . (Details are described in section about Safety Analyses.)

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Armenia:
Within the co-operation between UJD and the Armenian Nuclear Regulatory Authority also during 1998 mutual exchange of experts continued in the area of building state regulatory body, inspection activities, legislation, training of NPP staff, development of manuals and regulations.

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On 11 - 16 May 1998 chairman of the Nuclear Regulatory Authority of Armenia, Ashot Martirosyan, visited UJD. During his visit he was informed about the UJD activities and he focused mainly on the inspection activity and exchange of experience in this area. During the discussion he highly appreciated the standard of supervisory activities of UJD and the fact that UJD became an example for other countries of CEE, including Armenia. The evidence of this is that both the IAEA and the EC commissioned UJD to perform expert services and training of staff of the state regulator of Armenia.

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Lithuania:
On 17 - 20 August 1998 Saulius Kutas, chairman of Nuclear Safety Authority of Lithuania visited Slovakia. The visit took place based on the recommendation of the US NRC with respect to international success rate of UJD in the field of supervision over nuclear safety. It focused on creating the framework conditions for information exchange and deepening cooperation between the two regulatory bodies. The visitor was informed about the position, tasks and competencies of UJD, inspection activities and international activities. During his stay in Slovakia Mr. utas visited also the training center of VUJE Trnava and V-2 NPP in Jaslovské Bohunice.

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Belarussia:
On 16 -20 March 1998 chairman of the Commission for supervision over industrial and nuclear safety of Belarus Mr. V. Jatsevich visited UJD. He was informed about the current energy situation in Slovakia, the share of nuclear energy on the total electricity generation, tasks and competencies of UJD and international activities of Slovakia in the area of peaceful use of nuclear energy. The visit concentrated mainly on exchange of experience in the area of emergency preparedness in case of nuclear accident.

Forum for Co-operation among WWER Reactor Regulators

Representatives of UJD regularly take part at annual meetings of the Forum and also the activities of working groups. In 1998 the annual session of the Forum was held in August 1998 in Jerevan, Armenia. The agenda of the meeting focused on national nuclear programs, organization of national regulators, legislation in the area of nuclear energy and activities of the regulator in connection with safety issues of NPP of WWER type.

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Besides the presentation of individual member countries participants were informed about the activity of joint working groups in the area of spent fuel storage, periodical safety assessment and issues related to steam-generators in NPP.

New Memorandum of the Forum was signed on cooperation of state regulators between countries operating WWER nuclear reactors. The next meeting will be held in the Russian Federation.


 
 
© Nuclear Regulatory Authority of the Slovak Republic, 1999

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