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6) RADIOACTIVE WASTE (RAW)

Radioactive waste is generated by both electricity production (radioactive waste from NPPs) and utilisation of radioactive sources in industry, medicine and research (institutional radioactive waste). To protect human health and environment a considerable effort needs to be paid to the safe management of radioactive waste. Radioactive waste management means an integrated system starting by collection and sorting of radioactive waste up to its storage, treatment, conditioning, handling, transport and disposal. (Fig. 6.1)

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Fig. 6.1. RADWASTE MANAGEMENT IN THE SLOVAK REPUBLIC

UJD supervises all phases of radioactive waste management at nuclear installations and final phases of institutional radioactive waste management. The general strategy for radioactive waste management is based on following steps:

processing of radioactive waste into the form suitable for disposal or long-term storage
near surface disposal of low level radioactive waste and intermediate level radioactive waste and long-term storage of waste unacceptable for near surface disposal
- development and research of deep geological repository for disposal of spent nuclear fuel and long-lived radioactive waste.

This strategy is in accordance with the “Joint Convention on the Safety of Spent Fuel Management and on the Safety of Radioactive Waste Management” which was ratified by the Slovak Republic as one of first MAAE member's states at the end of September 1998.


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