6) RADIOACTIVE WASTE (RAW)
Radioactive waste is generated by both electricity production (radioactive waste from NPPs) and utilisation of radioactive sources in industry, medicine and research (institutional radioactive waste). To protect human health and environment a considerable effort needs to be paid to the safe management of radioactive waste. Radioactive waste management means an integrated system starting by collection and sorting of radioactive waste up to its storage, treatment, conditioning, handling, transport and disposal. (Fig. 6.1)
UJD supervises all phases of radioactive waste management at nuclear installations and final phases of institutional radioactive waste management. The general strategy for radioactive waste management is based on following steps:
This strategy is in
accordance with the “Joint Convention on the Safety of Spent Fuel Management and on the
Safety of Radioactive Waste Management” which was ratified by the Slovak Republic as one
of first MAAE member's states at the end of September 1998.