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10) INTERNATIONAL CO-OPERATION

Co-operation with the IAEA

Given its international importance and a wide range of technical assistance possibilities, the co-operation with the IAEA in Vienna is the most important in this area. In co-operation with the Slovak Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Slovak Republic fulfilled its financial obligations toward this organisation (membership fee and contributions to the Technical Assistance and Co-operation Fund) in a full and timely manner. Contributions to the Technical Co-operation Fund were made up the sum 2616 thousand Slovak crowns. Eleven representatives of Slovakia worked for the IAEA in 2001.

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Werner Burkart, Deputy Director General of the IAEA visited the UJD

The 45th session of the IAEA General Conference was held in September. Under its 27-item agenda, the conference approved a report on recent IAEA activities, the 2001 draft budget and reviewed a range of political and technical issues. The conclusions of the conference reconfirmed the international community’s interest to take part in the IAEA activity. The Slovak delegation used up its participation in the conference to hold bilateral negotiations with the USA, Hungary, Ukraine, Japan and Switzerland.
The Slovak Republic’s co-operation with the IAEA on technical projects has been highly successful. In 2001 the Slovak Republic contributed to four national and many regional and interregional projects. In 2001 as many as 83 participants from ÚJD took part in professional fellowships, short-term scientific visits and workshops in abroad. Under the regional projects, thirteen external experts were trained in the Slovak Republic, in particular from developing countries and from the former Soviet Union countries, on nuclear and radiation safety, radioactive waste processing and management, safety analyses and emergency management.
Three seminars-workshops with broad international involvement took place in the Slovak Republic. These seminars have been focused on the problems of commissioning of NPPs, safety culture and physical protection of nuclear installations.
There were six active scientific contracts in agriculture, nuclear power, nuclear installation safety and radioactive waste in 2001.
The UJD medium-term goal on technical co-operation is to gradually shift to an active foreign assistance under which the aid to less developed countries will be granted. As a result, under the IAEA technical projects, assistance was, in particular, granted to the former Soviet Union countries (NIS).

The Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organisation (CTBTO)

The Slovak Republic ratified the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty on March 3, 1998. The Government of Slovakia charged the chairman of UJD to ensure, according to the Art. III of the Treaty, the execution of the function of National Authority. Two representatives of the Slovak Republic worked at the Provisional Technical Secretariat. The membership fee has been covered from the budget of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs

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Delegation of the Slovak Republic at the 45th GC of the IAEA

Objectives were provided based on the Plenary sessions of the Preparatory Commission for the Treaty Organisation and from the meetings of their working groups in co-operation with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Ministry of Defence and the Slovak Academy of Sciences. ÚJD organised an international " OSI Field Experiment CTBTO" in the Slovak Republic at the end of September and start of October.

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OSI Field Experiment CTBTO on Turecky vrch

This experiment was held in co-operation with Provisional Technical Secretariat of the Preparatory Commission and other national agencies and organisations. The main goal of the experiment was to test inspection procedures at the place of entry of future real inspections and mobile seismic stations, which will be used by incoming inspectors as well. Mr. W. Hoffman, Executive Secretary of Provisional Technical Secretariat, visited ÚJD in December for the second time. During his visit the scope of deepen co-operation with Provisional Technical Secretariat was discussed.

Co-operation with the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development’s Nuclear Energy Agency (OECD/NEA)

The Slovak Republic was officially admitted to the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) on December 14, 2000. The Government of the Slovak Republic took the decision on March 15, 2001 to apply for the participation in the work of the Nuclear Energy Agency and agreed to start with preparatory work for joining this Agency.
The Chairman of UJD was appointed by the Government of the Slovak Republic to achieve the Slovak Republic's accession to the OECD/NEA and to fulfil obligations arising from membership in the Agency.
In March 2001, the Minister of Foreign Affairs, Mr. Eduard Kukan, conveyed the Slovak Republic's Government decision to apply for membership in the OECD/NEA to the OECD general secretary Mr. Johnston and to the NEA General director Mr. Luis Echávarri. The Steering Committee of OECD/NEA at its session in October 2001 informed the 27 other members of OECD/NEA, of the Slovak Republic's wish to become a member of the OECD/NEA
In 2001, the Nuclear Regulatory Authority continued to co-operate with OECD/NEA, mainly with the Committee of Nuclear Law, where the Slovak Republic was in position of an observer. Representatives of ÚJD took part in the sessions of the Committee on the Safety of Nuclear Installations (CSNI) and the Committee on Nuclear Regulatory Activities (CNRA). The Slovak Republic participates also in activities of Halden Reactor Project. In 2001 UJD contributed 511 000 Slovak crowns to the Halden Reactor Project.

Co-operation with the European Commission

Regular meetings of European nuclear regulatory officials with European Union representatives (CONCERT group) took place in June, in Budapest, and in December in Brussels. The main subject of negotiation was the building of an institutional framework of national nuclear safety regulators. UJD representatives attended sessions of the European Nuclear Installations Safety Group (ENIS-G) and the 57th session of the National Regulators Working Group (NRWG), which aimed at bringing into the line views on assessment of the level of nuclear safety of nuclear installations in Europe.

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Representatives of EU visited UJD

Representatives of UJD took part in the negotiations of EÚ experts on regulatory aspects of radioactive waste management. One of the most important activities in this field was the negotiations linked with the preparation of a Working Party on Nuclear Safety (WPNS) report in which the status of regulators, legislation and nuclear safety in the associated countries were assessed. The on the status of legislation in this area, on the level of UJD and on progress made in the process of enhancing of safety of operated nuclear power plants report was basically positive. Some requirements regarding nuclear safety documentation, safety analysis and national nuclear safety regulator building were made in the report.

Forum for Co-operation between WWER Reactor Regulators

The session of FORUM Working Group on Regulatory Independence was held on May 10-11, 2001 in the Slovak Republic. The aim of the working group was to evaluate the level of regulatory independence of participating Forum members countries and to discuss measurements for improvement of the current status. At the same time, the International Atomic Energy Agency Safety Guides on the independence of nuclear safety regulatory bodies were presented. Information exchanged on experience can be valuable for regulatory authorities self-assessment, in preparation of Nuclear Safety reports, preparation of IRRT mission, by negotiations with EU etc. Representatives of eight countries participated in the meeting.

Participation on International projects

Following the governmental decision No. 497 of July 21, 1998 and under the expert guarantee of UJD the Slovak Republic has been participating in the realisation of International Project of Chernobyl Shelter Fund. The financial contribution of the Slovak Republic to this project was 21 922 thousand SK in 2001.

Fulfilment of obligations under international contractual instruments.

A total of 30 inspections were conducted under the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) and the Agreement between the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic and the IAEA for the Application of Safeguards in Connection with the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons. No breaches of the fulfilment of obligations in the area of non-proliferation of nuclear weapons were found by IAEA experts. The Slovak Republic ratified the Convention on Nuclear Safety on 23 February 1995. UJD has been charged to be an expert guarantor with the performance of the obligations thereunder. Following Article 5 of the Convention, the National Report of the Slovak Republic has been launched in co-operation with the government departments and organisations involved. The report was submitted to the IAEA in September 2001 following discussion by the Slovak government. The first edition of the report is available on the Internet at: http://www.ujd.gov.sk.
The Joint Convention on the Safety of Spent Fuel Management and on the Safety of Radioactive Waste Management came into the effect on June 18, 2001. UJD has been charged as an expert guarantor with the performance of the obligations resulting from the Joint Convention. Representatives of the Slovak Republic participated in the preparatory session of signatory states in December, during which the procedures of implementation of Joint Convention were discussed, including the method and time scale for preparation of national reports in 2003.


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