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1. FOREWORD

Dear Readers,

welcome to the 2000 Annual Report of the Nuclear Regulatory Authority of the Slovak Republic (UJD). I wish to assure you that also over the last year of the century and the millennium had UJD supervised in such a way that the operation of nuclear installations in the Slovak Republic (SR) was safe, reliable and that all international commitments concerning nuclear energy uses were met in SR.
The year 2000 was of importance to UJD in terms of independent evaluation of its activity. In February, Western Nuclear Regulators Association (WENRA) representatives conducted an audit on quality of UJD activity, position, the level and quality of nuclear safety legislation. The main conclusions may be summarised as follows: “The regulatory regime and regulatory body in Slovakia are comparable with Western European practices. The independence of the regulatory body from the organizations involved in the promotion of nuclear energy is fully established in the legislation, which also clearly specifies the prime responsibility for safety of the operation. A well-defined licensing system is in place”.

Yet another important document in international terms is the SR Assessment Report by the European Commission (EC). The report states the following: “The Slovak Nuclear Regulatory Authority, although credible and technically competent, needs more resources in order to be able to better fulfil its tasks, notably in the field of technical assessment
The two documents clearly declare that UJD even in 2000 performed its tasks and mission at a high level. It should be noted, however, that while other nuclear installations were added in SR in 2000 as well, UJD has not got strengthened (despite WENRA and EC recommendations) and experienced staff continue to leave as their financial is not commensurate with demands and responsibilities of their job.
UJD performs under the Act on the peaceful uses of nuclear energy tasks concerning legislation, safety assessment, safety guides, issues decisions, assures emergency preparedness and informs the public on its activity and the safety of nuclear installations. In 2000, UJD issued two new regulations and five safety guides regulating the conditions for the use of nuclear energy in SR.
The year 2000 was of extraordinary importance for the nuclear installations in SR. The NPP V-1 Bohunice saw completion of its gradual reconstruction launched in February 1994 under UJD Decision No. 1/94. Under this decision, UJD laid down the conditions for further operation and the scope of reconstruction. Safety requirements for the reconstruction were set out following on the recommendations of experts from International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) in Vienna.
In 2000, Slovenské elektrárne, a.s. satisfied all the requirements laid down in Decision 1/94 and made UJD a final safety report. In addition, the reconstruction level was reviewed in November by an international IAEA expert team. The final review report is expected in February 2001. A preliminary assessment for the plant V-1 Bohunice is highly positive.
A modernization and safety enhancement programme is getting off the ground at the NPP V-2 Bohunice as well. UJD reviewed in 2000 the „Concept for Modernization and Safety Enhancement at the NPP V-2 Bohunice,“ setting forth the conditions to implement respective measures.
As for the NPP Mochovce, the year 2000 was of importance in terms of completion of the Unit 2 commissioning process. All tests were successfully completed in March and UJD issued in an April decision to permit its operation.
Based on the assessment of safety and according to the results of inspection of safety indicators and events that occurred in operation, UJD considers the operation of all NPPs Bohunice and Mochovce units to be safe and reliable.
Just like in other years, UJD also focused its activity on the management of spent fuel and radioactive waste.
The year 2000 saw a successful completion of the Bohunice interim spent fuel storage facility and a complex testing on all reconstructed systems and components. UJD issued a decision to go ahead with the reconstructed interim storage facility commissioning. On the radioactive management front, UJD’s focus was on controls and assessments of safety of respective lines of Bohunice Treatment and Conditioning Centre for RAW while being commissioned. All of challenging tests on radioactive waste processing equipment rounded out in 2000 and UJD will make a commissioning decision. Similarly as each year, UJD’s very extensive international co-operation continued The co-operation with the IAEA in view of its international significance and technical possibilities is the most important. The co-operation on technical projects was extremely successful, with SR being involved in solving of 6 national and 23 regional projects. While handling the all-important national project - “Cyclotron Centre in SR“ - a laboratory for measuring the quality of radiopharmaceuticals in use was put into operation with a significant financial support from the IAEA.
Until September 2000 UJD had represented SR on the IAEA Board of Governors, even holding the post of the Board Vice-Chairman.
In 2000, also the co-operation with the OECD Nuclear Energy Agency got off the ground. A visit to SR of the NEA director general, Mr. Luis Echávarri during which he became acquainted with UJD tasks and the status of nuclear power engineering and research in this field was the major milestone. In 2000 UJD participated as an observer on some OECD/NEA committees and is preparing an official application to join this organisation.
The UJD’s very successful collaboration with the EC continued as well. This co-operationn is orientated primarily to regulatory activities such as those within regular meetings of CONCERT Group or Commission on Nuclear Safety Assistance Co-ordination (NUSAC) executives. Moreover, UJD became to be a member of the renewed European Nuclear Installations Safety Group (ENIS-G).
The bilateral co-operation with many countries worldwide, in particular with those bordering SR, continued in 2000, too. Bilateral meetings to exchange the nuclear information took place. UJD found it very important that it signed new agreements on co-operation with the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (US NRC) and the French regulator (DSIN) in 2000 for a further five-year period. Over the last year UJD had the honour to receive the regulator chairmen from the USA, the Czech Republic, Poland, Hungary, Bulgaria, Romania, Lithuania, regulatory representatives from Switzerland, the UK, Germany, France, Japan, Slovenia, Russia and Ukraine, the Chairman of the IAEA Board of Governors, Mr. Sergio de Queiroz Duarte, IAEA officials and other important guests on its premises. The aim of the visits, with many also making a visit to individual nuclear installations or Výskumný ústav jadrových elektrární, a.s., (VUJE Trnava) was to demonstrate UJD tasks, mission and results as well as the status of nuclear installations in SR and of research.
The co-operation with the Swiss regulator has been of special importance since 1996. The project Swissup for co-operation and transfer of knowledge between the Swiss, Slovak and Ukrainian regulators continued. An international seminar on the preparation for an international technical support centre and improving qualifications for the region regulators took place at UJD on the Swiss regulator’s initiative. The seminar was open by Slovak Government Vice-Prime Minister for Legislation, Mr. Ľubomír Fogaš, and His Excellency Thomas Wernly, the Ambassador of the Swiss Confederation to SR.

Dear Readers,
I wish to make you acquainted through the brief overview above with the most important activities and results of UJD for 2000. You may become more familiar with them in the report being submitted. I believe that UJD Annual Report 2000 will contribute to impartial and independent information for the public on the status of nuclear installations in SR.

 

Predseda
Úradu jadrového dozoru Slovenskej Republiky


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