Austria: The 8th joint meeting of representatives of both governmental organisations and nuclear safety and radiation protection experts was held based on the Agreement between the Government of the Slovak Republic and Government of Austria on Issues of Common Interest in Connection with Nuclear Safety and Radiation Protection in Vienna on December 13, 2000. During the meeting it was stated that mutual co-operation between experts of both countries in the field of peaceful use of nuclear energy is on a high level and the information exchange based on the agreement was evaluated as sufficient and complete.
In frame of above-mentioned co-operation representatives of Government of Low Austria have visited Slovakia. The aim of this visit was to discus participation of Austrian specialists in the emergency exercise at the NPP Bohunice in 2001. A co-operation has been successfully opened between the Department of Nuclear Physics and Technology of the Slovak Technical University and the Atominstitute of Austrian University through organising courses together with IAEA..
Hungary: According to the Agreement between the Government of CSFR and the Government of Hungary on Exchange of Information and Co-operation in the Field of Nuclear Safety and Radiation Protection several experts meetings of representatives of both nuclear safety regulatory bodies have been realised. A priority was given to meetings aimed on exchange of information in the field of accession of both countries to EU and activities of Hungary towards the OECD/NEA. Based on the Agreement between the Government of CSFR and the Government of Hungary on Exchange of Information and Co-operation in the Field of Nuclear Safety and Radiation Protection the regular experts meeting was held in Slovakia on January 13-14, 2000.
Czech Republic: A co-operation between state regulatory bodies of nuclear safety proceeds on the basis of the Agreement between the Government of the Slovak Republic and the Government of the Czech Republic on Co-operation in the Field of State Supervision of Nuclear Safety of Nuclear Installations and State Supervision of Nuclear Materials. This co-operation is focused on exchange of experience in performing supervision activities in both countries with a view to the nuclear safety and exchange of experience in commissioning of nuclear establishment. Topical questions of commissioning of Temelín NPP were discussed during the joint experts meetings from the point of view of experience in commissioning of NPP Mochovce. The issue concerning the preparation of governmental agreement on early notification which is in process now and its signature is expected in 2001 was discussed as well. Dana Drábová, Chairperson of State Office for Nuclear Safety (SÚJB) visited ÚJD in course of Workshop on Strengthening of the Regulatory Authorities in Eastern Europe and CIS Countries on November 23 and 24, 2000.
Poland: Regular meeting based on the Agreement between the Government of the Slovak Republic and the Government of Poland on Early Notification of Nuclear Accident, on Exchange of Information and Co-operation in the Field of Nuclear Safety and Radiation Protection was held on July 6-7, 2000 at Piešťany. Taking the opportunity of visiting Slovakia Polish experts led by president of the National Atomic Energy Agency of Poland, Mr. Jerzy Niewodniczanski, visited Radioactive Waste Treatment and Conditioning Complex and NPPs V-1, V-2 at Jaslovské Bohunice. In the frame of co-operation according to the agreement two representatives of the National Atomic Energy Agency of Poland and students of the Faculty of Physics and Nuclear Technique of University of Mining and Metallurgy from Krakow visited NPP Mochovce.
United States of America: A Renewed Arrangement between UJD and the Nuclear Regulatory Commission of the United States of America (US NRC) for Exchange of Technical Information and Co-operation in Nuclear Safety Matters was signed during the visit of Robert A. Meserve, Chairman of US NRC in Bratislava on September 21, 2000.. Chairman of US NRC visited UJD, NPP V-1 Bohunice and VUJE Trnava.
The workshops for experts from Armenia and Kazakhstan have been organised by US NRC in co-operation with UJD and VUJE in Slovakia in frame of assistance to countries of East Europe and former Soviet Union with aim to strengthen nuclear safety regulatory bodies. One expert from UJD performed a short scientific visit at US NRC, supported by US NRC, in the field of probabilistic safety analysis.
A co-operation with Department of Energy has been continuing by the reconstruction of full scope simulator for NPP V-2 Bohunice. The project is important from the point of view of contributing to the improvement of NPP operation safety through the training of personnel using systematic approach of training (SAT). UJD made a proposal of providing third countries with experience in the field of nuclear safety of NPPs. Mr. Douglas Hengel, Charge d´Affaires of USA Embassy in Bratislava visited UJD. He was provided with information on activities of Slovak regulatory body and visited Emergency Response Centre of UJD.
Signature of an updated agreement between U.S. and Slovak Regulatory Autorities
Ukraine: The co-operation with Ukraine occurs in frame of the Agreement between the Government of the Slovak Republic and the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine on Early Notification of Nuclear Accidents, on Exchange of Information and Co-operation in the Field of Nuclear Safety and Radiation Protection. The Agreement sets the methods and forms of information transfer in case of nuclear accident and creates the framework conditions for co-operation, information and experience exchange in the field of nuclear safety and radiation safety. In the year 2000 the co-operation was continuing in frame of SWISSUP project (more details in chapter Safety Analysis).
Germany: In the year 2000 the work on the experts level began on the preparation of proposal of the Agreement between the Government of the Slovak Republic and the Government of the Federal Republic of Germany on Early Notification and Information in Case of Nuclear Accidents and on Co-operation and Exchange of Information and Experiences in the Field of Nuclear Safety and Radiation Protection.
The German Association for Reactor Safety (GRS) organises and provides support for participation of Slovak experts in seminars on nuclear safety, on physical protection of NPP and nuclear materials during the transport, etc. Experts from Slovakia participated in two seminars in the year 2000. Experts from UJD participated on professional stages in Germany in the field of safety analyses and utilisation of computer software based on the project made with the Ministry for Research and Education (BMFB) BRD. The project was successfully finished in 2000.
Slovenia: The first meeting between representatives of ÚJD and Slovenian Nuclear Safety Administration on implementation of the Agreement between the Government of Slovakia and the Government of Slovenia for Exchange of information in the Field of Nuclear Safety was held in Ljubljana on October 19-20, 2000. The Agreement is oriented mainly on exchange of information and experience in the field of supervision over nuclear and radiation safety.
Bulgaria: According to the Agreement between the Ministry of Economy of the Slovak Republic and the Committee on the Use of Atomic Energy for Peaceful Purposes of Bulgaria on Co-operation in the Field of State Supervision of Safety in Peaceful Use of Nuclear Energy a short scientific visit of representatives of Bulgarian regulatory body and NPP Kozloduy was realised in Slovakia. The visit was focused on radioactive waste and spent fuel management. The chairman of the Committee for Peaceful Use of Nuclear Energy in Bulgaria, Gueorgi Kaschiev visited UJD in February. The aim of his visit was discussion about the future co-operation between both regulatory bodies. Two experts from UJD have been members of mission organised by IAEA for strengthening of Bulgarian nuclear regulatory body.
France: Based on the mutual understanding an effect of the Arrangement on co-operation between UJD and the Nuclear Installation Safety Directorate (DSIN) was extended on February 16, 2000. According to above-mentioned agreement three representatives of ÚJD took part in an emergency exercise aimed on public information issues. UJD and DSIN have applied for a joint project in frame of international programme COCOP which is performed by the French Embassy in Bratislava. A co-operation with Scientific division of French Embassy is very important. The French Government through this division organises and provides Slovak Civil Servants with financial support of scientific visits at the International institute for Civil Servants in Paris.
Romania: A proposal of Agreement between the Government of the Slovak Republic and the Government of Romania on Early Notification of Nuclear Accidents and Information Exchange on Nuclear Facilities and a proposal of Memorandum of Understanding for Co-operation and Information Exchange in Nuclear Regulatory Affairs between UJD and National Commission for Nuclear Activities Control of Romania was received by Ministry of Foreign Affairs through the Romanian Embassy in Bratislava at the beginning of 2000. The chairman of National Committee for Nuclear Activities Control of Romania Dan Cutoiu visited UJD on November 24, 2000 as a follow up to the Workshop on Strengthening of the Regulatory Authorities in Eastern Europe and CIS Countries.
Japan: The Government of Japan within the International Invitation Programme through the Ministry of Foreign Trade and Industry (MITI), the Japan Electric Power Information Centre (JEPIC) and Science and Technology Agency (STA) and Radiation Application Development Association (RADA) provided training of UJD experts and of the operators of the Slovenské elektrárne company, research institutes and the relevant governmental organisations. 12 experts from Slovakia attended these seminars and courses in 2000. In addition Japan Government provided Slovakia with opportunity to participate in seminars organised in various areas including nuclear safety. One specialist from UJD took part in seminar focused on legislation in the peaceful use of nuclear energy in 2000. A possibility of fellowships for the year 2001 organised in Japan for experts in nuclear energy aimed at scientific and development activities has been offered by the Japan Government.
Switzerland: A Workshop on Strengthening of the Regulatory Authorities in Eastern Europe and CIS Countries was held in Slovakia on November 23-24, 2000. The workshop had been organised by Swiss Inspectorate for Nuclear Safety, Swiss Agency for Technical Co-operation and Development and ÚJD. The aim of the workshop was to discuss possibilities of establishment of regional centre for nuclear safety for East and Central Europe countries. The regional centre should be a platform for co-operation among the nuclear regulatory bodies of East and Central Europe countries and should provide technical support for above - mentioned regulatory bodies. The idea to establish such centre resulted from the long-term technical assistance and co-operation of Swiss Government with countries of East and Central Europe in the field of nuclear safety. Based on this fact Swiss Government considers to provide further support for these countries on the common regional basis. Representatives of participating countries of East and Central Europe have supported an establishment of regional centre with headquarters in Bratislava. The workshop was opened by Lubomir Fogaš, vice-premier of the Slovak Government. Mr. Thomas Vernly, Ambassador of Switzerland took part as well. "Safety Analysis “).
In the year 2000 the co-operation was continuing in frame of SWISSUP project (more details in chapter Safety Analysis)
Visit of IAEA INSAG mission members at UJD
Great Britain: The Government of Great Britain in frame of its assistance programme for state nuclear safety regulatory bodies of East and Central European countries supports improving of experts qualification related mainly to emergency planning management. Chairman and chief inspector of ÚJD visited nuclear regulatory body of Great Britain. They obtained there an important knowledge about supervision activities of this organisation.
Finland: A working meeting of the group of nuclear regulatory bodies of countries with small nuclear programme (NERS) was held in September 2000. The session was led by Jukka Laaksonen, chairman of Finish regulatory body. Miroslav Lipar, chairman of UJD took place in the meeting as a representative of Slovakia. Participants had possibility, besides other, to become familiar with procedures of preparation and conduction of inspections, which are performed by Finish regulatory body. A system of radioactive waste management performed in Finland was presented as well.
Russian Federation: The co-operation with Russian Federation is performed mainly through the regulatory bodies. Representatives of both regulatory bodies had opportunity to meet each other during the important international events like General Conference in Vienna. They exchanged information and experience in the field of state supervision activities over the nuclear safety.
Alexander Georgievitch Aksenjonjuk, Ambassador of Russian Federation visited UJD in October 2000. During his visit he has been informed about the supervision and international activities of UJD.
Armenia: Within the co-operation with the IAEA, UJD and the Armenian Nuclear Regulatory Authority a mutual exchange of experts in the field of strengthening of a state authority, inspection activities, legislation, NPP personnel training, development of instructions and regulations were realised in 2000. During 2000 six staff members of the Armenian Nuclear Regulatory Authority and the NPP Metzamor were in Slovakia on IAEA scientific visits. UJD together with US NRC organised a seminar for four specialists from Armenia in the area of preparation of safety analysis report for NPPs WWER 440. The chairman of the Armenian Nuclear Regulatory Authority, Ashot Martirosyan, visited ÚJD in October 2000.
Chairman of the Armenian Regulatory Authority MR. Ashot Martyrosian visited UJD
Forum for Co-operation between WWER Reactor Regulators
The 7th annual meeting of the Forum was held on October 11-14 in Ukraine. Not only work of Forum as a whole but also work of working groups dealing with management of NPP lifetime, several accidents, inspection activities, safety of spent fuel storage and questions of regulatory bodies independence were evaluated as well. In frame of the last theme a representative of the state regulatory body of Switzerland (HSK) Mr. S. Chakraborty made suggestion to establish a regional centre for nuclear safety for countries of East and Central Europe placed in Bratislava. This centre will be supported by Swiss government. This proposal was univocally accepted (see Switzerland for details).
The Group of Nuclear Regulatory Bodies of Countries with Small Nuclear Programme
UJD is member of the Group of Nuclear Regulatory Bodies of Countries with Small Nuclear Programme which was established from the initiative of Swiss regulatory body in 1998. Third working session was held in Helsinki in September.