11. INTERNATIONAL CO-OPERATION
Co-operation with the IAEA
Given its international importance and a wide range of technical assistance possibilities, the co-operation with the IAEA in Vienna is the most important task in this area. In co-operation with the Slovak Ministry of Foreign Affairs the Slovak Republic fulfilled its financial obligations toward this organisation (membership fee and contributions to the Technical Assistance and Co-operation Fund) in a timely manner and to the full extent.
Delegation of the Slovak Republic at the 44. IAEA General Conference was led by M. Lipar, Chairman of UJD
The Slovak Republic has been represented in the IAEA Board of Governors since 1999. The UJD Chairman was charged by the Slovak government to hold the post of the governor. He had also held the post of the Board Vice-Chairman until September 2000. His stint on the Board finished in September 2000.
The 44th session of the IAEA General Conference was held in September. Under its 26-item agenda, the conference approved a report on the IAEA activity over the past period, the 2001 draft budget and reviewed a range of political and technical issues. The conclusions of the conference reconfirmed the international community’s interest to take part in the IAEA activity. The Slovak delegation availed itself of its participation in the conference to hold a range of bilateral negotiations with the USA, Hungary, Bulgaria, India, the Czech Republic, France Russian Federation and Austria.
The Slovak Republic’s co-operation with the IAEA on technical projects has been highly successful. In 2000, the Slovak Republic continued to solve 6 national and 23 regional projects. In handling the all-important national project - Cyclotron Centre in the Slovak Republic - a laboratory for measuring the quality of radiopharmaceuticals in use was put into operation with a significant financial aid from the IAEA.
While handling the national projects, a number of expert missions focusing on developing the simulator training programme, introducing good laboratory practice in sterilisation of tissues in the health care sector, assessing material degradation of the primary circuit components, etc., were conducted in 2000. A significant segment of the regional projects concerned nuclear safety issues. Under the regional projects, a total of 15 experts were trained in the Slovak Republic, in particular from developing countries and the former Soviet Union countries on nuclear and radiation safety, radioactive waste processing and management and safety analyses.
An IAEA expert mission assessed in November 2000 the safety of NPP V-1 Bohunice operation following a large-scale reconstruction. The operation of the NPP V-1 Bohunice following a large-scale reconstruction was assessed by an IAEA expert mission in November 2000.
Focused on the problems of NPP component ageing, radiation protection, safety culture and nuclear technologies in oncology applications, a total of four seminar and training courses with a broad international participation were held on the territory of the Slovak Republic. There were 15 active scientific contracts in 2000 in areas of agriculture, nuclear power, nuclear installation safety and radioactive waste. The UJD’s medium-term goal on technical co-operation is to gradually shift to an active foreign assistance under which aid to less developed countries will be granted. Under the IAEA technical projects, assistance was thus granted particularly to the former Soviet Union countries (NIS).
Actively involved in dealing with national and regional projects, Slovak participants could take part in a variety of professional events. In 2000, 14 participants took part in professional fellowships or short-term scientific stays, 35 in regional and 12 in interregional training courses and 65 in workshops. Also the participation of five UJD experts in 4 missions organised by the IAEA in Finland, the UK, Hungary and Bulgaria was very important.
The Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organisation (CTBTO)
The Slovak Republic ratified the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty on March 3, 1998. The Government of Slovakia authorised the chairman of UJD to guarantee, according to Art. III of the Treaty, performance of the function of the National Authority. In co-operation with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Ministry of Defence and the Slovak Academy of Sciences objectives resulting mainly from the Plenary sessions of the Preparatory Commission for the Treaty Organisation and from the meetings of their working groups were provided. UJD actively contributed to the On-Site International Inspection Operational Manual which is under preparing at this time and personal of UJD takes part at the courses aimed at preparing of the future inspectors. Measures aimed at implementation of provisions of this Treaty into the national legislation also continued by the signature of the Agreement between UJD and Slovak Academy of Sciences on co-operation in providing of activities of the National Data Centre and by preparing of the draft of the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Law.
Chairman of the IAEA Board of Governors visited NPP V-1 Bohunice
Co-operation with the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development’s Nuclear Energy Agency (OECD/NEA)
Slovak Republic was officially admitted on December 14, 2000 to the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). By the country’s joining the OECD the prerequisites for the Slovak Republic’s admission to the OECD Nuclear Energy Agency (OECD/NEA) were created. Based on its hitherto working contacts with the OECD/NEA, UJD initiated negotiation with relevant government departments - the Ministry of Economy and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in order to launch the admission process to the OECD/NEA such that the Slovak Republic might apply for admission to the OECD/NEA in early 2001. The first signal to the OECD/NEA that the Slovak Republic was interested in becoming a member thereof was the invitation for the OECD Nuclear Energy Agency’s director general, Mr. Luis Echávarri to visit the Slovak Republic. The aim of the visit made from 15 to 17 May 2000 was to make the director general acquainted with the status of nuclear power in the Slovak Republic in terms of nuclear safety, with UJD regulatory activities and SR R&D activities in the peaceful use of nuclear energy. During his visit, Mr. Luis Echávarri also met with the Slovak Economy Minister, Mr. Ľubomír Harach. In concluding his visit, the OECD/NEA director general voiced his support for the Slovak Republic’s entry into the OECD/NEA.
The Nuclear Regulatory Authority continued in 2000 the close co-operation with the OECD/NEA in particular with the legislation division where the Slovak Republic has the status of an observer. UJD representatives took part in the session of the Group of government experts on third party liability for nuclear damage and in the sessions of government experts in the Committee on Safety of Nuclear Installations (CSNI) and the Committee on Nuclear Regulatory Activities (CNRA) held in Paris.
Director general of the Nuclear Energy Agency OECD Luis Ech8varri visited NPP Mochovce ( 3 rd from left )
Co-operation with the European Commission
A regular meeting of European nuclear regulatory officials with European Union representatives participation (CONCERT group) took place from June 28 to July 2, 2000 in Kiev. The main subject of the negotiation was the assessment of effectiveness and internal quality system of national nuclear regulators. Respective country representatives confirmed their support to further activity of this association. Negotiation of the Commission on Nuclear Safety Assistance Co-ordination (NUSAC) bringing together the G-24, CEEC´s and the NIS, took place in March with UJD participation. The purpose of the negotiation was to discuss an optimal form of the Commission activity in the future.
UJD representatives were invited to join the 1st session of the European Nuclear Installations Safety Group (ENIS-G) and the 56th session of the National Regulators Working Group (NRWG) aimed to bring in line views on assessing the level of nuclear safety of nuclear installations. UJD representatives also attended the negotiation of EU experts on regulatory aspects of radioactive waste management and an information study stay for senior European Commission civil servants. One of the most important activities in this field was the negotiation linked to the preparation of a report by the Western Nuclear Regulators Association (WENRA) to assess the status of regulators, legislation and nuclear safety in the associated countries. The report was sent to Slovakia in November, assessing highly positively the status of legislation in the said area, the level of UJD and progress made in the process of enhancing the safety of operated nuclear power plants. The report at the same time states that certain safety analyses concerning the loss of coolant accident (LOCA) and the containment at the NPP V-1 Bohunice need to be finalised. The NPP V-2 Bohunice safety enhancement programme is expected to continue with a view to give effect to safety relevant measures by 2002. Following its phased reconstruction, the V-1 Bohunice utility will reach the safety level matching that of nuclear power plants operated in Western Europe. The safety of the NPP V-2 Bohunice and NPP Mochovce measures up to Western European nuclear power plants.
Fulfilment of obligations under international contractual instruments
In May the 6th Assessment Conference of the States Parties to the Treaty on the Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) was held at the United Nations Headquarters. The delegation headed by the Slovak Foreign Minister was composed of Ministry of Foreign Affairs and UJD representatives. The participation in the Conference by UJD was primarily focused on the work of Committee II on safeguards issues and of Committee III on the peaceful uses of nuclear energy. During the negotiation and discussions UJD representatives abode by the principles stipulated in the speech delivered by the delegation head and UJD chairman. The Conference was concluded with the adoption of a final document, underlining the interest of all the State Parties to unconditionally fulfil the provisions of the Treaty.
The Slovak Republic ratified the Convention on Nuclear Safety on 23 February 1995. UJD has been charged as an expert guarantor with the performance of the obligations thereunder. Pursuant to Article 5 thereof, work on the preparation of the second edition of the National Report of the Slovak Republic has been launched in co-operation with the government departments and organisations involved. The report will be brought forward to the IAEA in September 2001 following discussion by the Slovak government. The first edition of the report is available on the Internet at: http://www.ujd.gov.sk
Preparation of establishment of the Centra of Nuclear Safety for Central and Eastern Europe Countries
UJD is an expert guarantor and co-ordinator of the work related to the performance of the obligations thereunder. UJD has been actively involved in the preparation of directives to implement the Convention.
Participants of the IAEA workshop organized by UJD