10. EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS
Emergency preparedness is a set of measures the aim of which is to mitigate possible impacts of incident radiation accidents at nuclear installations and their consequences to the environment. Emergency Response Centre of UJD was established as a technical support tool of UJD to evaluate the technical conditions of nuclear installations and also for assessment of radiation situation in case of accident and for prognosis of development of possible accident and evolution of its impact on the population and the environment. At the same time it serves as an advisory body for the national Emergency Commission for the Radiation Accidents for planning of optimal protective measures focusing on minimising the impact on population and the vicinity of NPP.
Introductory training on RODOS code package
Based on experience from exercises, on recommendations of international missions and in compliance with the international projects, UJD continued also in 2000 in improving the quality and completion of the Emergency Response Centre by equipment, software, hardware and emergency procedures necessary for the performance of the Emergency Response Group of UJD.
Besides of completion of emergency procedures related to NPPs Bohunice also the first part of procedures for NPP Mochovce and procedures using a new EU code system RODOS. In 2000 UJD focused activities in emergency preparedness area on inspections, approval of on-site emergency plans of nuclear installations, review of emergency transport orders and of-site emergency plans. In accordance with an UJD inspection plan the inspectors of UJD carried out several inspections in area of emergency preparedness at all NPPs. The inspections were focused on checking the emergency exercises, review of preparedness of NPP staff in the area of emergency planning and review of documentation. There were no important insufficiencies revealed during the inspections.
During the year 2000 the exercises were performed at all nuclear installations and the emergency transport orders were exercised as well. Testing of communication, preparedness of individual members of emergency headquarters, co-operation, operability of emergency centres and exchange of information were the main tasks of these exercises. In March the emergency exercise at the National Radwaste Repository on Mochovce site was performed, in April the emergency transport order of the Slovak Energetic Company was exercised, there was a large scale exercise organised at the NPP Mochovce in May, in October the exercises were organised at VUJE facility in Bohunice and radwaste treatment enterprise SE-VYZ. In November large scale on-site exercise was organised at NPP Bohunice and also the emergency transport order of Slovak Railways was exercised. Besides all this two representatives of UJD took part in exercises abroad with aim to acquire new knowledge and experience in area of public relations and information in case of incident or accident oat nuclear facility and also in area of international co-operation. The assistance of European commission continued in frame of so called RAMG project, determined to strengthen the regulatory authority. Thanks to this project UJD obtained computer equipment by which the capacity of the emergency response centre was increased substantially particularly in area of data processing in case of decision making in case of incident or accident at nuclear facility.
Upgrading of hardware platform of the emergency response centre enabled the application of information systems (GIS), which contain important pieces of information for decision making (geography, demography, statistic, etc.) in case of incident or accident. Installation of GIS enabled also the extension of data sets transferred from facilities and creation of corresponding database.
The co-operation with U.K. in area of emergency planning was finished. Representatives of U.K. assistance declared that the level of emergency preparedness of UJD is high enough and UJD can take a role of teacher for countries where the emergency centres are being built.
In the year 2000 a further phase of EU RODOS system implementation continued in the Slovak Republic. First version of RODOS code package was successfully installed. This code will enable to implement the same approach to evaluation of incidents and accident in all European countries. A development and adaptation to conditions of the Slovak Republic are carried out in frame of tasks of the project Science and Technique Development. The RODOS system will provide a support during the decision making process for all authorities and organisations included in emergency planning on the state level.
Chief of Slovak Army Staff Gen. Lt. Cerovsky and the Chairman of UJD M. Lipar signed an agreement on co-operation
Concerning IAEA a co-operation in the area of a realisation of regional project RER/9/050 - Harmonisation in Emergency Planning for countries of Central and Eastern Europe continued intensively. In frame of this project a second national seminar focused on emergency monitoring issues was held, which was organised for both Slovak and Czech Republics.
Also the EU project OSEP (Off Site Emergency Planning) which was co-ordinated by UJD was concentrated on protection of population had a similar objective. Several UJD staff members acted actively in this project as lecturers. This project was successfully finished in July 2000. In frame of project “ Science and Technique Development” the solution of the task “Development of Techniques and Software Tools for Analysis of Accidents and Unusual Situations” continued. This task was successfully finished in 2000. At the same time a solution of the task “Further Development and Preparation of Incorporation of RODOS System to an Emergency Planning and Emergency Management in the Slovak Republic” started. It is to be mentioned that UJD prepared the first draft of National Emergency Plan of the Slovak Republic, which would be submitted, to the National Emergency Commission for Radiation Accidents for an approval by the end of 2001.