10. EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS
Emergency preparedness is a set of measures the aim of which is to mitigate possible impacts of incident radiation accidents at nuclear installations and their impact on the environment. Emergency Response Center of UJD was established as a technical support tool of UJD to evaluate the technical conditions of nuclear installations and also for assessment of radiation situation in case of accidents and for prognosis of development of possible accident and evolution of its impacts on the population and the environment. t the same time it serves as an advisory body for the National Emergency Commission for the Radiation Accidents, for planning of optimal protective measures focusing on minimizing the impacts on the population and the vicinity of the NPP.
Based on experience from the exercises on recommendations of international missions and in compliance with the international projects, UJD continued also in 1999 in improving the quality and completion of the equipment of the Emergency Response Center by equipment, software, hardware and emergency procedures necessary for the performance of the Emergency Response Group of UJD. The Chairman of UJD approved and signed the emergency procedures, which were prepared and verified during the exercises by the end of August 1999.
Thus they became an official binding document for the UJD staff.
In 1999 UJD had as a priority in the emergency preparedness the inspection activity and review of documentation of Unit 2 NPP Mochovce prior and during its commissioning. Modified off-site plans for protection of the population of Nitra, Banská Bystrica and Trencin districts were reviewed in October 1999. Emergency plan for NPP Mochovce was also approved. UJD inspectors participated in fullscope exercise of NPP Mochovce on 26 May 1999.
In connection with commissioning of Unit 2 of NPP Mochovce there were 2 team inspections focused mainly on incorporation of UJD conditions into the emergency plan of NPP Mochovce, on technical and documentation equipment of the emergency control center and technical support center and training of staff in the field of emergency preparedness. According to the inspection plan UJD inspectors made another two team inspections in the field of emergency preparedness at NPP Mochovce, As well as at other sites of NPP, one of which was at SE-VYZ and one at the National Depository for Radioactive Waste and two at NPP Bohunice. Inspections concentrated on the course of emergency plans, status of preparedness of NPP personnel in the field of emergency planning and control of documentation. Results of these inspections showed no significant shortcomings.
In connection with securing the issue of Y2K at the nuclear power plants there were special team inspections performed with the aim to verify the readiness of NPPs to manage Y2K as follows: three at NPP Bohunice, three at NPP Mochovce and two at SE-VYZ. Results of these inspections showed no significant shortcomings.
On September 29, 1999 there was a joint exercise with NPP Bohunice (OROL) , the main objective of which was to verify the readiness of the Emergency Response Center, communication, preparedness of members of the Emergency Response Group, exchange of special information, co-operation with NPP and the activity of UJD inspectors at certain workplaces during the exercise. In April 1999 an international exercise INEX-2 CAN TEX took place with a participation of 5 members of the Emergency Response Group, organized by Canada and under coordination of the OECD/NEA. The goal of this exercise was to examine communication, public information and media relations. Evaluation of this exercise showed that the Emergency Response Group managed its role on a good level. In connection with realization technology and dosimetric data transfer, data transfer from NPP Mochovce was prepared and an amendment to the agreement with the Joint Stock Company Slovenské elektrárne was signed on co-operation in the field of emergency planning and in solving emergency situations at NPPs in Slovakia.
Also an agreement was signed on coordination of regulatory activities in the field of emergency measures with the Ministry of Health of the Slovak Republic. Further agreements on co-operation in the field of emergency planning with the regional offices at Trnava and Nitra and SUJB in Czech Republic were signed.
In 1999 technical assistance provided to UJD by Great Britain through WS Atkins continued. Assistance of the European Commission in implementation of RAMG project, which is aimed at strengthening the regulatory body also continued. In 1999 RODOS project was launched through EC. Slovakia together with Poland was selected as the first countries in which this system of emergency preparedness is being implemented with a financial assistance from the EC. In April 1999 the equipment was delivered, installed and communication lines established.
Intensive co-operation with the IAEA continued in the field of RER/9/050 regional project implementation Harmonization in emergency planning -for the countries of Central and Eastern Europe.
Within the objectives of science and technology development works on "Development of technical and software tools for analyzing accidents and solving extraordinary situations "continued. In conclusion it is necessary to state that in 1999 UJD developed a draft of the national emergency plan of SR, which was approved by the National Emergency Commission for Radiation Accidents in March 1999.
Emergency Response Group was activated on 31. 12. 1999 within the activities of the international organizations (IAEA, OECD/NEA, EC) in connection with the safe transition of NPPs into the year 2000. All nuclear installations of Slovakia, their computer systems managed the transition into year 2000 without any problems.