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3. LEGISLATION

UJD as the central body of state administration prepares legislation within their competency and sets also binding criteria in the field of nuclear safety. Based on provisions of the "Atomic Act "there are 16 binding regulations under preparation. In 1999 the following regulations were issued by UJD:

  1. Regulation No. 29/1999 Coll. l. by which a list of special materials and equipment is published. It came into force on 1 March 1999.
  2. Regulation No. 30/1999 Coll. l. which defines details on maximum limits on quantities for nuclear materials for which there is no presumption of causing nuclear damage. It came into force on 1 March 1999.
  3. Regulation No. 186/1999, which determines details to assure physical protection of nuclear installations, nuclear materials and radioactive waste. It came into force on 1 August 1999.
  4. Regulation No. 187/1999 Coll. l. on professional competence of employees of nuclear installations. It came into force on 1 August 1999.
  5. Regulation No. 198/1999 Coll. l. on accounting and inspection of nuclear materials. It came into force on 1 September 1999.
  6. Regulation No. 245/1999 Coll. l. on emergency planning in case of incident or accident. It came into force on 1 October 1999.
  7. Regulation No. 246/1999 Coll. l. on documentation of nuclear installations for decommissioning. It came into force on 1 October 1999.
  8. Regulation No. 284/1999 Coll. l. on details on transportation of nuclear materials and radioactive waste. It came into force on 15 November1999.

Six UJD safety guides were published last year as the part of edition "Safety of Nuclear Installations". About forty drafts of technical standards were reviewed as the UJD is responsible to performance such review ac-cording to law No. 142/1991 Coll. on Czecho-Slovak Technical Standards in the wording of later regulations.

European Integration

UJD provides documentation for screening process of Energy sector and Environment sector as contribution to the accession process to the EU. In 1999 special demands were put on UJD in accordance with the "High-level working group "between Slovakia and EU. In connection with activities of this working group relevant materials have been prepared and also participation have been assured for negotiations of the working sub-group for nuclear safety in 1999. The most important subject within the negotiations with the European Commission were safety and operation of the NPP V-1Bohunice.


In the Energy Sector UJD presented the position of Slovakia mainly in the area of nuclear materials and also assorting nuclear safety in nuclear power plants in Slovakia, legislative and institutional issues, such as competency of regulators, approval process for individual phases during life of nuclear installations and responsibility for nuclear safety.
In connection with "Acquis communaitare "possibilities for compliance with the EURATOM Treaty were presented in the area of nuclear fuel supply, joint undertaking, investments, safeguards of nuclear materials and external relations.
In the field of principles for joint undertaking and investments according to the EURATOM Treaty it was stated that there are no impediments in the legislation of Slovakia to follow the Treaty.
The current control and accounting of nuclear materials performed according to the agreement with the IAEA will require modification of agreement conditions (the agreements are concluded between EURATOM and directly with the holder of nuclear materials and not with the state). EURATOM rules of are formally different in comparison with the IAEA. Safeguards controls.
In the Environment Sector UJD has presented the status in acquis communaitare in the field of realization of a radwaste repository, transportation of radwaste and the obligation to inform the public in the vicinity of a nuclear installation (at the time of operation and in case of accident).
The current legislation in Slovakia is not in contradiction with the requirements of the EU legislation. Principal requirements are covered by the Atomic Act and the details are in relevant regulations.
Senior representatives of UJD took part in the negotiations of the sub-group for nuclear safety, who presented the current status of safety of NPP V-1 Bohunice in connection with its gradual reconstruction. The task of this sub-group focused on assessment of economic and social aspects of various alternatives for closing the operation of NPP V-1 Bohunice.

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