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1. FOREWORD

Dear Reader,

The purpose of this Annual Report of the Nuclear Regulatory Authority (UJD) is also to further improve the information of public in the area of nuclear energy safety. This report evaluates the safety of nuclear installations in Slovakia, as well as the activity of UJD. In 1999 an extensive reconstruction to improve the safety of unit 2 of NPP V-1 Bohunice was completed, which from the quality aspect has brought the safety to the standard of the IAEA recommendations and required by UJD. Very good results that were achieved were also appreciated by the mission of WENRA (Association of nuclear regulators of the EU countries). Another important activity was safety assessment of Unit 2 NPP Mochovce during commissioning, authorization process for individual commissioning phases, as well as assessment of safety improvements. Safety of NPP Mochovce, besides UJD, has been assessed also by Risk audit experts (Germany, France) within the PHARE project, as well as other experts from Spain, Italy and Hungary. Final report from this complex assessment, which took nearly two years, is positive both for UJD and NPP Mochovce. Activities of UJD -besides nuclear power plants -focused also on facilities processing and storing radioactive waste and the interim spent fuel storage. After an extensive assessment of the safety documentation, as well as the installations themselves, UJD issued a permit for active testing of the Bohunice conditioning center for conditioning radioactive waste, as well as the National repository of radwaste in Mochovce. UJD, after evaluation of the safety report and reconstruction of the interim storage for spent fuel, issued a permit to use the new fuel storage containers, which increased the capacity of the interim storage. UJD performs also supervision over nuclear materials and in this area all the international commitments of SR were met. Act 130/1998 Coll. l. , which is in force from 1 July 1998, requires from UJD to prepare 16 decrees detailing the conditions for use of nuclear energy and materials. In 1999 8 decrees were issued and the remaining 8 decrees have been developed and are ready for the approval process. The new act also requires from UJD to make reviews and to issue authorizations for organizations that provide services for nuclear installations. This was a new and demanding task and in 1999 UJD issued 79 authorizations in total. International co-operation has been an important part of the UJD activity since the very beginning of its activity. In 1999 good co-operation continued with the EC, IAEA, OECD/NEA, as well as bilateral co-operation with many countries. Co-operation with the EC is extensive, from participation in expert groups (CONCERT -representatives of nuclear regulators, NUSAC -assistance coordination) , participation in PHARE projects -such as assessment of NPP Mochovce, Assistance in strengthening UJD within RAMG project, as well as direct assistance in supply of equipment for RODOS system, complex emergency planning. The most significant co-operation is with the IAEA focusing on different areas of technical co-operation, expert missions, technical negotiations, enforcing safe guards for nuclear materials and development of new international safety standards.

II is a great honor for me and recognition for Slovakia that in September, being a chairman of UJD, I was elected as the vice-chairman of the Board of Governors of the IAEA, and appointed as member of a very prestigious advisory group INSAG (International Nuclear Safety Advisory Group). In 1999 there were two significant events at the IAEA -The first Review meeting in compliance with the Convention on Nuclear Safety, which is the only international legal document in the field of nuclear safety. Result of this assessment meeting is very positive for Slovakia. The conclusions state that formation and the standard of UJD, as well as safety improvement of NPP V-1 Bohunice and NPP Mochovce is an outstanding achievements for Slovakia. The second event was The International Conference on Safety of Nuclear Power Plants in the CEE countries. Also results from this conference are very positive for UJD and the Slovak NPPs. NPP V-1 Bohunice was assessed as an example of safety level. During the General Conference of the IAEA the Deputy Prime Minister Mr. Hamžík and the general director of the IAEA, Mr. El Baradei signed an Agreement on enforcement of safeguards for nuclear materials in connection with non-proliferation of nuclear arms, as well as the Supplementary Protocol to this agreement. Slovakia thus became one of the countries with which the IAEA signed these agreements. Permanent mission of SR at the UN and other international organizations in Vienna also contributed to an outstanding co-operation with the IAEA. In the field of bilateral co-operation very important is the co-operation and information exchange with all neighboring countries. UJD also highly values co-operation with the US, UK, France, Germany, Finland, Japan and Switzerland. In 1999 a very successful Swiss-Slovak project to strengthen UJD was completed. Co-operation with Switzerland, however, continues also in a new project Swissup for Ukraine. Recognition for UJD is demonstrated also by significant local and foreign visits. From among the local ones it is definitely the visit of the President of the Slovak Republic, Mr. Rudolf Schuster, from the foreign visits it is the visit by the general director of the IAEA, Mr. Mohamed El Baradei. Among other distinguished visitors there were also other representatives of the IAEA, chairman of the Board of Governors of the IAEA, chairmen from the regulators from Czech Republic, Finland, Poland, Slovenia, USA, representatives from the regulators from Switzerland, Russia, Ukraine, Japan, Ambassadors of UK, the Netherlands, Poland, Russia, Slovenia and Austria. As a chairman of UJD I highly appreciate that the UJD experts participate on international missions in China, Malaysia, Bulgaria, Armenia, Lithuania and Ukraine. All above stated results strengthened the reputation of UJD both nationally and abroad, and the Slovak regulator is indeed recognized and highly appreciated on the international field.

 

Chairman
of the Nuclear Regulatory Authority
of the Slovak Republic

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