National Report of the Slovak Republic - Radiation and Nuclear Safety , September 1998

4.7.7 International Agreements


Agreements to which International Atomic Energy Agency is the Depository

Slovak Republic has been the signatory of international conventions with respect to early awareness of nuclear accidents and to mutual assistance in cases of nuclear accidents; this provides for international cooperation in minimizing the consequences of nuclear accidents. The conventions mainly concern technical and organisatory measures to be taken to reduce effects of radiation on people and the environment as a result of accidents at nuclear installations.

Convention on Early Notification of a Nuclear Accidents, and Convention on Assistance in the Case of Nuclear Accident or Radiological Emergency

Slovak Republic has notified succession to both Conventions on 10 February, 1993, effective as of January 1, 1993. The professional liability for meeting the Convention criteria is with ÚJD which at the same time is the liaison office for early notification of nuclear accidents for Slovakia. Via ÚJD, Slovak Republic regularly participates in international exercises. There has been no accident in the territory of the Slovak Republic since the effective dates of the Conventions requiring to act in accordance with the provisions of the Conventions.

Cooperation Agreements with other Countries

In agreement with Article 9 of the Convention on Early Notification of Nuclear Accidents, the Slovak Republic has been a successor to, or made bilateral agreements on early notification of nuclear accidents, on exchange of information and cooperation. The respective agreements define the format, method and the extent of information provided to the parties of the agreements on accidents connected with nuclear installations or nuclear activities, and identify contact site coordinators. The purpose of such agreements is to contribute to the minimization of risk and consequences of nuclear accidents as well as to set up a framework for bilateral cooperation and information exchange in areas of mutual interests in connection with peaceful uses of nuclear energy and protection against radiation.

Agreement between the Government of the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic and the Government of the Republic of Austria Regarding Issues of Common Interest in Connection with Nuclear Safety and Radiation Protection (Vienna, October 25, 1989).

Under this Agreement, meetings of representatives of governmental organizations of the Slovak Republic and the Republic of Austria on issues of mutual interest in areas of peaceful uses of nuclear energy are organized on a regular (annual) basis. The most recent meeting was held in 1998.

Representatives of governmental organizations of the Slovak Republic and the Republic of Austria exchange information and experience, above all in the area of preparedness for emergencies, at special expert meetings; of importance is also the participation of Austrian experts as observers in emergency exercises in the Slovak Republic.

Agreement between the Government of the Czech and Slovak Federal Republic and the Government of the Republic of Hungary on Exchange of Information and Cooperation in the Field of Nuclear Safety and Radiation Protection (Vienna, September 20, 1990)

Under this Agreement, meetings of governmental organizations of the Slovak Republic and the Republic of Hungary are held on an annual basis, to exchange information and experience in the field of safe uses of nuclear energy and radiation technologies. The most recent meeting was held in 1997. At the same time, cooperation in the field of emergency planning is being developed, and representatives of both parties take part in emergency exercises of the other party.

Agreement between the Government of the Slovak Republic and the Government of the Czech Republic on Cooperation in the Field of State Supervision of Nuclear Safety of Nuclear Installations and on State Supervision of Nuclear Materials (Bratislava, March 8, 1996).

Under the above Agreement, regular meetings are held between experts in the field of exchange of experience from the exercise of supervisory activities aimed at securing the highest level of safety of nuclear installations and safety of handling nuclear materials; an intensive cooperation also exists in the field of emergency planning and setting up of Supervisory Authority Crisis Centers.

Agreement Between the Government of the Slovak Republic and the Government of the Republic of Poland on Early Notification of Nuclear Accident on Exchange of Information and Cooperation in the Field of Nuclear Safety and Radiation Protection (Bratislava, September 17, 1996).

Annual meetings of representatives of governmental organizations of the Slovak Republic and Poland are held on an annual basis, aimed at exchanging information and experience from safe uses of nuclear energy and radiation technologies. The most recent meeting was held in 1997.

Agreement between the Government of the Slovak Republic and the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine on Early Notification of Nuclear Accidents, on Exchange of Information and Cooperation in the Field of Nuclear Safety and Radiation Protection.

The signing of the above mentioned Agreement is expected for 1998, and its objective is specification of the format and the way of forwarding information on nuclear accidents, exchange of information and experience in the field of peaceful uses of nuclear energy, as well as strengthening of mutual trust and information level in a sensitive issue such as safety of nuclear power sector.

In addition to agreements signed with its neighboring countries, the Slovak Republic also has signed cooperation agreements in the field of peaceful uses of nuclear energy.

Agreement between the Government of the Czech and Slovak Federal Republic and the Government of the Federal Republic of Germany Regarding Issues of Common Interest in Connection with Nuclear Safety and Radiation Protection (Prague, May 30, 1990)

Even if the geopolitical situation changed after the split of the CSFR, the Agreement still applies, and the Slovak Republic meets all its commitments under this Agreement with respect to early notification of nuclear accidents and information exchange.

Agreement between the Government of the Czech and Slovak Federal Republic and the Government of the United States of America on Cooperation in Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Energy (Vienna, June 13, 1991).

The Agreement mainly focuses on the exchange of information and experience in the field of nuclear installations safety; this is being brought about by meetings, expert training and exchange of computer software.

Arrangement between the Nuclear Regulatory Authority of the Slovak Republic (ÚJD SR) and the United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission (US NRC) for the Exchange of Technical Information and Cooperation in Nuclear Safety Matters (Washington, November 10, 1995)

The focus of the Agreement is exchange of technical information and cooperation in issues of nuclear safety which is brought about by meeting and training of experts, as well as by exchange of computer software.


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