To secure the taking of necessary measures to manage emergency situations of nuclear installations and measures to protect the public and the economy upon an accident with environmental impact, the national organization of emergency preparedness is split into three levels.
Level oneare emergency commissions of nuclear installations the main function of which is management of works and measures within the areas of nuclear installations so as to enable the identification of the technology condition and to manage measures to cope with the emergency condition and to contain consequences with respect to the staff, equipment, environmental impact and the population.
Another function of this level is provision of information to other emergency commissions on the state of the installation and on potential impact on the surrounding areas.
Level twois managed at the regional level, and comprises district and regional emergency commissions within the territory of potential risk of damage to life, health or property, and within which measures to protect the population are planned. The territory is identified as a 30 km circle around NPP Bohunice (EBO, VYZ) and 20 km around NPP Mochovce.
Level three is represented by the Slovak Government's Commission for Radiation Accidents (KRH SR) at the national level, with its expert supporting components (KKC ÚJD, OSG and SÚRMS), and by Emergency Safety Commission of SE a.s. The task of the Government's Commissions for Radiation Accidents is mainly to coordinate and to manage the preparations of measures directed towards the protection against the consequences of a radiation event. The task of the Emergency Safety Commission of SE, a.s. is mainly to organize and to coordinate a fast elimination of consequences of serious and extraordinary events in production and/or distribution plants.
Fig. 4.7.1 Slovak national organization of emergency preparedness
Accident documentation is kept to support the management of emergency situations at nuclear installations and their impact on the surrounding environment; it defines procedures and organization of work for the individual degrees of emergency situation at the different levels of the national emergency preparedness as described in Section 22.214.171.124.
Operator of nuclear installations has internal emergency plans developed, which define the organization of response to emergencies and its implementation concerning the management of emergency situation and staff protection including health protection of the staff included in traumatology plan. In addition, operator has to have operating instructions developed enabling the recognition and classification of the actual emergency event according to the international recommendations. At the national level, action plans of KKC ÚJD and of the Emergency and Safety Commission of SE a.s. exist (see Section 4.7.2.).
National emergency plan is currently under development it shall summarize all procedures and measures to be taken by the individual members of the Slovak Government's Commission for Radiation Accidents, and plans for the protection of the population in the potentially affected territory are developed at the regional level; they include measures with respect to the public protection, health, property and environment as well as links to internal emergency plan.
All the above mentioned plans fully apply the provisions of the national legislation (Act No. 42/94 Coll.ll.) as well as international recommendations by IAEA (see Section 4.7.1.).
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