National Report of the Slovak Republic - Radiation and Nuclear Safety , September 1998

4.6.1 Radiation Protection-Related Legislation and its Implementation


Radiation protection in Slovakia is regulated by Act No. 272/1994 Coll.ll. On the Protection of Human Health as amended from time to time. The Act provides for the principles of health protection against harmful effects of ionizing radiation, it sets exposure limits, methods of handling of ionizing radiation sources, and defines the method and the criteria of licensing of activities connected with the handling of ionizing radiation sources as well as removal of radioactive waste .

The Act accounts for ICRP (International Commission on Radiological Protection) criteria as well as those of IAEA Safety Series No. 115: International Basic Safety Standards for Protection Against Ionizing Radiation and for the Safety of Radiation Sources. Implementation of Radiation Protection-Related Legislation

The applicable legislation in Slovenské elektrárne´s quality assurance system for the area of radiation safety has been reflected in the "Basic Guideline". At branch plants, the national legislation as well as international commissions recommendations (ICRP a IAEA) have been incorporated into guidelines and working procedures as well as into the limits of exposure of persons and limits for atmospheric and hydrospheric emissions of radioactive substances from NPPs.

Dose and occupational limits have been set on quarterly and on annual basis, the own intervention limits have been set lower than those set by the legislation: if exceeded, the reasons are investigated and they have to be properly justified.

Radiation safety principles are accounted for during any work, in particular the ALARA principle, protection optimization principle, and dose and risk limiting principle.

Limits on environmental emissions of radioactive substances are set by the Regulatory Authority. The purpose is to avoid, upon normal and abnormal operating conditions, the exceeding of effective doses received by the population, as set by the national legislation and international recommendations.


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